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The Seahorse (ḥJšš) from the Shaft Tomb of Iufaa: New Evidence of the Elusive Creature

The Seahorse (ḥJšš) from the Shaft Tomb of Iufaa: New Evidence of the Elusive Creature AbstractThe present study focuses on the text and vignette concerning two hippopotamus-headed serpents reclining on rectangular bases, each of them labeled as hayshesh accompanied by a short text stating that he is “a god who makes the ba live in the realm of the dead”. The study of the text reveals that the creature is of a triple significance, in the underworld, in the marine environment (as the sea-horse would) and in the sky. Finally, the development line of the hayshesh-creatures from the seahorses of the 22nd Dynasty coffins to the horse, crocodile or hippopotamus-headed snakes of the Ptolemaic temples shall be drawn and discussed, with Iufaa's attestation forming an important “missing link”. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Annals of the Náprstek Museum de Gruyter

The Seahorse (ḥJšš) from the Shaft Tomb of Iufaa: New Evidence of the Elusive Creature

Annals of the Náprstek Museum , Volume 40 (2): 10 – Nov 1, 2019

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2019 Renata Landgráfová, published by Sciendo
eISSN
2533-5685
DOI
10.2478/anpm-2019-0015
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractThe present study focuses on the text and vignette concerning two hippopotamus-headed serpents reclining on rectangular bases, each of them labeled as hayshesh accompanied by a short text stating that he is “a god who makes the ba live in the realm of the dead”. The study of the text reveals that the creature is of a triple significance, in the underworld, in the marine environment (as the sea-horse would) and in the sky. Finally, the development line of the hayshesh-creatures from the seahorses of the 22nd Dynasty coffins to the horse, crocodile or hippopotamus-headed snakes of the Ptolemaic temples shall be drawn and discussed, with Iufaa's attestation forming an important “missing link”.

Journal

Annals of the Náprstek Museumde Gruyter

Published: Nov 1, 2019

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