PAUL BAUM Although modern urban Papiamentu almost passes for a dialect of Spanish, older traditions and rural usage indicate originally great differences. Hypercorrections frequently carry Papiamentu even further in the direction of Spanish. Mininimal contrasts by tone are, however, characteristic of native speakers of Papiamentu at all sociocultural levels and do not disappear in hypercorrect speech. Penetration of Spanish and Dutch phonology into Papiamento is exemplified by such phonological factors as slight palatalization (rather than complete palatalization), use of a velar fricative rather than a glottal fricative, and the occurrence of a wide variety of consonants in final position. Richard E. Wood in his interesting article "The Hispanization of a Creole Language" (1972) which he dedicates primarily to morphosyntactic decreolization, states that a parallel process may also be operative in Papiamento phonology. Navarro Tomäs expresses similar feelings (1953: 189) under the subtitle "Desacriollamiento": "La influencia del espanol no se ha limitado al vocabulario. La primitiva fonetica afroportuguesa ha ido cediendo el campo a la espanola." I would like to make some brief observations on current tendencies in Papiamento's phonology with the hope of encouraging further work of a sociolinguistic nature in this area. A word should be said
Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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