Abstract During surveys of the southern Oman (Dhofar) coast, a large Sargassum-like fucalean alga was abundant in parts of the shallow sublittoral (0-9 m below Chart Datum). This plant showed pronounced seasonal changes in form and biomass, connected with meteorological and hydrographical changes centered around the summer monsoons. The distribution, habitat and phenology of this plant are outlined. The plant was identifiable with Sargassum zanardinii Schiffner (Phaeophyta, Fucales); however, the present authors consider that it has certain clear-cut characters which warrant its separation from Sargassum and Sargassum zanardinii is here transferred to a new genus, Sargassopsis Nizamuddin, Hiscock, Barratt et Ormond gen. nov. Introduction Surveys of the marine habitats and communities of southern Oman have been carried out by the Tropical Marine Research Unit (TMRU), University of York, U. K. and the Council for the Conservation of the Environment and Water Resources, Muscat, Oman. The TMRU surveys collected and recorded many interested marine algae (and animals) from Dhofar, including those from warm temperate and even colder water during and after the summer monsoons. Communities present in the littoral and sublittoral have been described briefly in the survey report (Barratt et al. 1986). This paper is concerned with a
Botanica Marina – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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