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The sustainability of engineering education depends on a strategic vision in university education. The strategic vision of education at technical universities is orientated to knowledge, digitization, online education, innovative methods in education, all forms of Management and business education platform. The main goal of this article is the creation of the model of engineering education at the technical university based on synergy effect of the economic subjects of study, digitalization, all forms of management, and innovative didactic methods with direc- tion to future education. In this research we realized project "Student firms" by using digitalization, e-learning approach in education and connecting all form of management as in business environment. Results of the imple- mented "Student Firms" project at the university recorded benefits in improving students' key competencies, soft skills, social competencies, financial, economic competencies, and their impact on the level of evaluation of sub- jects of study. The output of the research was the design of a model of engineering education at the university. This model can be a tool for making changes in education at university for his sustainability in the future. Key words: education, digitalization, information technology, innovation, skills INTRODUCTION The sustainability of engineering education depends on strategic vision in education at universities. This strategic vision must connect informational, knowledge, economic and social society and their instruments and methods. The main goal of this article is the creation of the model of engineering education at the technical university based on synergy effect of the economic subjects of study, digitalization, all forms of management, and innovative didactic methods with direction to future education.The strategic vision (Fig. 1) at universities should be directed mainly to business education within which it is necessary to address the issue of financial literacy of students, increasing students' information competencies through digitization, and development of key student Fig. 1 Strategic vision of education competencies in the knowledge economy and all forms of management. © 2022 Author(s). This is an open access article licensed under the Creative Commons BY 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) 208 Management Systems in Production Engineering 2022, Volume 30, Issue 3 Key competencies have the character of interpersonal system of Education . A new model of engineering ed- competencies e.g., teamwork, leadership, and in- ucation must accept all requirements of all forms of soci- trapersonal competencies that include motivation, prob- ety. The knowledge society requires monitoring of lem-solving, effective communication, which is associated knowledge. Knowledge allows monitoring the perfor- with the field of psychology. At the same time, the educa- mance of students, teachers, scientists, workers in terms tion strategy should be focused on improving students' of productivity, efficiency, fulfilment of delegated tasks, soft skills in terms of social and communication compe- goals . Improving information flow is the basis of tencies. The development of information and communi- knowledge management and important instrument for cation technologies is a stimulus for their use in the edu- decision making for the quality of Education . cational process at universities. The new teaching model The application of forecasting in education is an instru- will enable students to acquire quality knowledge in terms ment for the quality level increases of education and using of business skills, financial literacy, soft techniques, and at new forms of information technology what is a require- the same time, the requirements of the labour market for ment of the information society . Knowledge manage- university graduates and their successful application in ment is a very important approach in terms of achieving the labour market will be met. the required level of education quality and quality of per- Higher education, science, and research at universities are formance indicators as instruments for increasing the facing many challenges that arise in today's globalized competitiveness at universities . The information we economy and there is increasing pressure on improving obtain in the educational process needs to be collected, the quality assurance in all their processes. According to recorded, analysed, evaluated, archived, and continu- the Bologna Declaration signed in 1999, higher education ously used for effective management and decision-mak- requires a convergent system of quality assurance . ing of the educational process. Information society brings University education in today's globalized economy is ex- changes in education at the universities when information posed to many challenges and increasing pressure to im- literacy becomes the base of education. Information liter- prove its approach to the quality assurance of all its pro- acy is connected also with the way how people – users – cesses. The situation exists in the field of university edu- behave during information finding. It means the interac- cation, where candidates for study very carefully consider tion of man with information sources and systems in cer- study program and country of studying. The approach of tain concrete situations . Behaviour presents the re- university management to quality is therefore very im- flection on how people view, elaborate, remember infor- portant . mation, and how they solve their problems through infor- mation. It means the requirements of social society. The LITERATURE REVIEW information behaviour of the people is influenced by sev- The strategy of the European Union in education is orien- eral factors, as for example internal psychical processes, tated to the providing and realization of lifelong learning, social environment, situation, in which information need distances education and educational mobilities ERASMUS arose, which also characterizes the personality identity and ERASMUS+ . The main task in this area is using so- . E-learning presents an actual form of education in cial networks like Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and others the information society that has great importance in the that show possibilities for an e-books approach for educa- period of the COVID 19 pandemic, which reached also to tion . Distance education brings a new approach to ed- the area of education and education process at the uni- ucation as online learning that students prefer . The versities . E-learning education at the universities is best important part of online education is sport education made according to the various platforms as MOODLE, for the improvement life of students that must be pro- EDUPAGE, ULERN and another . Information society vided very effectively . Teacher education means using presents a synergy between the information literacy of new technology and creates an educational process for people and information behaviour . Universities are students and their needs . Improvement of the level of presently connected to various projects to provide their quality and effectiveness of education is built expert prep- laboratories and classrooms with computers. The eco- aration, creativity, innovations, and business. All those nomic society today needs people with business, financial, forms must be evaluated by performance indicators as in social, environmental, economic skills, and bases of soft the business environment . The principal objective of skills in building a business contract and business relation- Assessment of Learning Outcomes in Higher Education ship. The importance of Social Sciences and Humanities (AHELO) is to provide data to governments, institutions, has the potential contribution that they can make to Sci- and students themselves on what students at the end of ence, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics . In their first (bachelor level) degrees know and are able to education is a very important instrument for business and do. Education quality presents a base of the information the improvement of level of key competencies an innova- society, knowledge society, social and economic society. tive method "Students’ firm". Evaluation of results of this The base for quality level increasing is educational meth- project was to improve the students' key competencies, ods, good pedagogues, good equipment of the laborato- obtaining new skills, knowledge, experiences, and pre- ries, and qualitative expert preparation students what is pare students for business in praxis. This innovative particularly parts of the management system . Require- method should be implemented in education at technical ments for education are presented in the Management K. TEPLICKÁ et al. – The New Model of the Engineering Education Using Digitalization… 209 universities as a base for developing business and achiev- information competencies, social competencies, busi- ing key competencies for business in technical subjects. A ness, and economic competencies. In the second step, we survey between students showed is a necessity to learn realized installing the subjects: Operational research, Eco- students and starting businessmen to follow up possibili- nomic analysis, Management, Business, Law in the e- ties of financing and providing prosperity and stability at learning portal for university MOODLE Platform educa- the market . Business skills must be part of the educa- tion. In the third step students used digitalization for pre- tional strategy at all technical universities. pare documentation and evidence of the students’ firms. Last step, we realized the suggestion of a new model of METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH engineering education on the base experiences of re- In the frame of research-orientated to the increasing ed- search. ucation quality level in the period of COVID 19 pandemic, we realized research followed steps (Fig. 2). The main goal RESULTS OF RESEARCH of this research was the creation of the model of engi- In the educational process was implemented innovative neering education at the technical university based on didactic method "Student firm" according to the state synergy effect of the economic subjects of study with dig- project "STUDENT FIRM" (Fig. 3), issued by the Ministry of italization, using of all forms of management, innovative Education for various schools. didactic methods, and e-learning education on platform The project consists of five steps. The first step means MOODLE. This research was orientated to the creation of motivation and vision, the second step means the the new model of engineering education as the basis for organization, the third step establishment of the education in the future. company, the next step is business, the last step is the ended of the company. All steps were implemented in accordance with the vision of the project "STUDENT FIRM". The base of the realization project" student firm" was the strategy: Use own sources, produce own Fig. 2 Algorithm for creating new strategic model of education products, presented own products at the exhibition, prepare a marketing strategy for customers, sell products, In the first step of research, we created Students firms. and finish business in profit. In this phase, we connected The research in the education process was focused on in- all study subjects at study program Management. creasing the key competencies of students in field Man- agement. We focused on communication competencies, Fig. 3 Project student firm “JA FIRMA” Source: Ministry of Education. 210 Management Systems in Production Engineering 2022, Volume 30, Issue 3 All firms realized followed tasks using knowledge from the to support distance and online education and is con- completed subjects: nected by digitalization and improvement informatic 1. Establishment of student firm by business licensing competencies of students. (subject: Business plan, Microeconomic). 2. Creation of organizational structure in the firm (sub- ject: Labor economic, Personal management, Man- agement). 3. Preparation of business plan and production plan (subject: Business plan, Logistic, Strategic manage- ment). 4. Determination of work positions and tasks in the firm (subject: Production management, Personal management). 5. Obtaining of entry producing factors – material, peo- ple, money (subject: Production management). 6. Realization of the production process – products (subject: Production management, Operational re- search). 7. Preparation of documentation in the firm (subject: Accounting, Managerial Accounting, Financial Ac- counting, Financial management, Taxes, Auditing). 8. Preparation of marketing strategy (subject: Manage- ment, Marketing, Strategic management). 9. Realization of the sale at the exhibition (subject: Pro- duction management, Economy, Marketing, and Ethic). 10. Closing the student firm, prepare finished documen- tation, evaluating the sale (subject: Auditing, Taxes, Financial management, Accounting, Business econ- omy). The student firm’s project was successful. Already in the first step of creating companies, students met the basic goal of communicating. Organizing, planning, performing assigned tasks, and adherence to the timetable was base activities in the firm. During the business prepared com- plete documentation was presented their skills. During their preparation they had to use the knowledge and skills of previous years of study and subjects they had already Fig. 4 Platform “MOODLE” E-learning education completed, fulfilling an important goal of the synergy of Source: moodle.tuke.sk. subjects. Another goal was to develop a marketing strat- egy. The last aim was to motivate students to achieve the During the lifetime of student companies, the documen- profit that was the reason for closing the subject Manage- tation was processed in the form software application ment and passing the exam. The results of the student named Dominant from the company Dominant Prešov in firms were excellent. Slovakia. In this way, the economic and information com- In the second step, we realized installing the subject Op- petencies of students were interconnected with digitali- erational research, Economic analysis, Management, zation. Students performed various tasks related to docu- Business, Law in MOODLE Platform (Fig. 4) for E-learning mentation and information processing. Controlling is a education according to the needs of student firms for pre- specific form of work with information, and its role was to paring documents. describe all processes in the student firms. The essence of Platform MOODLE presents the used E-learning approach controlling was to achieve economic transparency, trans- at the university. This platform is available for any peda- parency in business activities, processes, planning, calcu- gogue and student at the correspondent university lating, budgeting, process decisions, orders, performance, through their identifiers that are given by the university, customers, products. This instrument helped students to as the name, the correspondent password for Access to prepare complex documentation of the student firm (Fig. the university system. This approach of E-learning educa- 5). tion is promoting in the frame of the university complex, which has nine faculties. This instrument is very effective K. TEPLICKÁ et al. – The New Model of the Engineering Education Using Digitalization… 211 DISCUSSION The strategic vision of education at technical universities must be based on the requirements the Education in Slo- vakia Operational Program orientated to knowledge, so- cial, economic and information society. The synergy of ed- ucation quality, quality of information, quality of the school, and education system presents a key factor in uni- versities´ education and innovation of education. Infor- mation literate person can determine the type of neces- sary information, extend of necessary information, effec- tive and useful way for information obtaining, he manages the critical evaluation of obtained information and infor- mation source, he makes the synthesis of information from various information sources, as well as the composi- tion of obtained information to the own base of knowledge. Moreover, he manages the use of information effectively for the achievement of a determined goal, to know economic, legislative, and social limitations, con- nected with information using, to respect ethical and leg- islative norms for information handling. Information is base for changes in education and job position on the la- bor market. For the students are significant factors for finding a job position as salary, job security, and a good working team . New model (Fig. 7) of engineering ed- ucation content all requirements of economic, social, in- formatic, knowledge society. Fig. 5 Documentation of the student firms Source: Dominanta.sk. The research "Student firm" evaluates the level of educa- tion by Japan concept „KAIZEN“ (Fig. 6), which presents the most known approach to systematic improvement, based on creative thinking. KAI – improvement (every- thing can be improved), ZEN – improvement is perma- nent; reacting to any new possibility, change of positions, and new information. Kaizen is orientated mainly to stu- dents and their performance since students are bearers and co-creators of education values. This concept is very important for the changes in engineering education. KAI- ZEN include too globalization and studying in abroad. Globalization has a significant impact on education as new work positions can students’ study abroad. The influx of foreign students in Slovakia increased significantly. The factors that affect students' ability to adapt to different global challenges have great importance in education. The university must be prepared to meet students not only ac- ademically, but also socially and culturally . Fig. 7 New model of engineering education The global objective of the Operational Program Educa- tion in Slovakia, the following priority axes have been cre- Fig. 6 PDCA cycle for improvement in education 212 Management Systems in Production Engineering 2022, Volume 30, Issue 3 ated: Reform of the education and training system, Fur- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ther education as a tool for human resources develop- This contribution is part of project KEGA 009TUKE-4/2020 ment, Support for the education of people with special Transfer of Digitalization into Education in the Study pro- educational needs, Modern education for the knowledge gram Business Management and Economics and VEGA and information society. 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Katarína Teplická ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4827-6781 Technical University of Košice Department of Management of Earth Sources Park Komenského 19, Košice, Slovak Republic e-mail: email@example.com Jaroslava Kádárová ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5101-0773 Technical University of Košice Department of Management, Industrial and Digital Engineering Park Komenského 7, Košice, Slovak Republic e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Soňa Hurná ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7001-4860 Mendel University of Brno Faculty of Business and Economics Zemědelská 1, Brno, Czech Republic e-mail: email@example.com
Management Systems in Production Engineering – de Gruyter
Published: Sep 1, 2022
Keywords: education; digitalization; information technology; innovation; skills
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