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The impact of Special Economic Zones on local labour markets in Poland

The impact of Special Economic Zones on local labour markets in Poland AbstractStudies conducted so far suggest that SEZs are not treated by local authorities as the main mechanism of job creation in a given region. The objective of this paper is to highlight potential mechanisms through which SEZs impact labour markets in poviats (counties) in Poland. To this end we conducted a comparative analysis of changes that had taken place in the labour market over the period 2004–2016 in two groups of poviats with the highest unemployment rate reported in 2004: with and without SEZs. The study does not allow us to unambiguously conclude that SEZs contributed to the improvement of labour market situation in poviats with the highest unemployment rate in Poland. That can be attributed to the fact that SEZs in Poland are highly fragmented as well as to SEZs investors being able to select locations for their investment projects in relatively better developed regions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Miscellanea Geographica de Gruyter

The impact of Special Economic Zones on local labour markets in Poland

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2021 Adam A. Ambroziak et al., published by Sciendo
ISSN
2084-6118
eISSN
2084-6118
DOI
10.2478/mgrsd-2020-0032
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractStudies conducted so far suggest that SEZs are not treated by local authorities as the main mechanism of job creation in a given region. The objective of this paper is to highlight potential mechanisms through which SEZs impact labour markets in poviats (counties) in Poland. To this end we conducted a comparative analysis of changes that had taken place in the labour market over the period 2004–2016 in two groups of poviats with the highest unemployment rate reported in 2004: with and without SEZs. The study does not allow us to unambiguously conclude that SEZs contributed to the improvement of labour market situation in poviats with the highest unemployment rate in Poland. That can be attributed to the fact that SEZs in Poland are highly fragmented as well as to SEZs investors being able to select locations for their investment projects in relatively better developed regions.

Journal

Miscellanea Geographicade Gruyter

Published: Apr 1, 2021

Keywords: Local labour market; special economic zones; unemployment rate; economic growth; regional development

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