INTRODUCTION All social primates participate in a multitude of dynamic relationships. Relationships, in turn, consist of interactions, each of which can be described as "who did what to whom". Combined relationships produce social structure (Hinde 1983). Most studies of primate social behavior investigate the influence of intervening variables on either interactions or relationships. The present study focused on the latter category and analyzed the effects of parturition on the social relationships of captive female patas monkeys (Cercopithecus [Erythrocebus] patas). Specifically, this study tried to replicate reports that patas females show postpartum increases in both interfemale affiliative behaviors and new mothers avoiding other females (Rowell 1978; Rowell and Hartwell 1978). Mammalia, t. 57. w° 1. 1993. METHODS The patas monkey colony at the University of Rhode Island (URI) is housed in a 45 m3 group-cage equipped with numerous perches. The monkeys are maintained at about 21 °C and provided a light/dark cycle of 13/11 hrs. They are fed commercial monkey chow with occasional fruit supplements and water is available ad libitum. The URI monkeys are typically maintained as a unimale, multifemale group. Eighteen animals were present in the colony for all or part of the present study, but only
Mammalia - International Journal of the Systematics, Biology and Ecology of Mammals – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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