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The Development of Tourism in Protected Areas and the Exploitation of the Natural Environment by Local Communities in Africa and Asia

The Development of Tourism in Protected Areas and the Exploitation of the Natural Environment by... AbstractFrom an economic point of view, protected areas do not bring in high profits, in comparison to other possible ways of land usage. National parks and nature reserves are costly in their creation, as well as in their subsequent upkeep and management. In developing countries, their operation can be the source of many political and economic problems. Usually, local communities neighboring protected areas perceive the existence of a protected zone negatively, although they are often able to avail themselves of park resources in various ways. Besides being given the opportunity to rationally make use of certain park resources, community members may be employed as park attendants, which is a practice that is widespread. A part of the profits obtained from the developing tourist industry may be allocated towards local development programs, e.g. the building of a new hospital or school. Some national parks, while lacking the adequate infrastructure necessary for tourism, grapple with a lack of funds. The lack of earning opportunities in connection with the development of tourism results in the local community’s over-exploitation of park resources. This often manifests itself in an increased incidence of poaching in the protected area. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Miscellanea Geographica de Gruyter

The Development of Tourism in Protected Areas and the Exploitation of the Natural Environment by Local Communities in Africa and Asia

Miscellanea Geographica , Volume 11 (1): 7 – Dec 1, 2004

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2004 Anna Dudek, published by Sciendo
ISSN
2084-6118
eISSN
2084-6118
DOI
10.2478/mgrsd-2004-0029
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractFrom an economic point of view, protected areas do not bring in high profits, in comparison to other possible ways of land usage. National parks and nature reserves are costly in their creation, as well as in their subsequent upkeep and management. In developing countries, their operation can be the source of many political and economic problems. Usually, local communities neighboring protected areas perceive the existence of a protected zone negatively, although they are often able to avail themselves of park resources in various ways. Besides being given the opportunity to rationally make use of certain park resources, community members may be employed as park attendants, which is a practice that is widespread. A part of the profits obtained from the developing tourist industry may be allocated towards local development programs, e.g. the building of a new hospital or school. Some national parks, while lacking the adequate infrastructure necessary for tourism, grapple with a lack of funds. The lack of earning opportunities in connection with the development of tourism results in the local community’s over-exploitation of park resources. This often manifests itself in an increased incidence of poaching in the protected area.

Journal

Miscellanea Geographicade Gruyter

Published: Dec 1, 2004

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