This paper addresses the issue of the historicity of another, older son of P.Quinctilius Varus who is attested in Joseph. AJ 17.288, but not in the parallel version at BJ 2.68. Modern scholarship, as evidenced by Ladislav Vidman (1998) and Klaus Wachtel (1999), finds itself at a loss as to which opinion, that of Walther John (1958) or of Meyer Reinhold (1972), to support. Whereas John rejects the evidence for an older son of Varus in AJ and proposes L.Nonius Asprenas (cos. suff. 6 CE) instead, Reinhold tersely rebuts John, supporting the validity of the text. This article examines the textual and prosopographical bases upon which scholars have built their cases for and against the existence of an older son of Varus. In the process, it is shown that there is greater reason to take the evidence for another son of Varus at face value than to follow John's problematic argument, and further, that Reinhold's article left unexamined significant details upon which his argument needed to be built. Keywords: Josephus, Quinctilius Varus, Roman prosopography, Roman Syria, Roman military history In the year 4 BCE, a rebellion arose in Judea against the Roman legions stationed there. Judea fell under
Journal of Ancient History – de Gruyter
Published: Jun 1, 2016
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