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Territoriality and Settlement in Southern France in the Early Neolithic: Diversity as a Strategy?

Territoriality and Settlement in Southern France in the Early Neolithic: Diversity as a Strategy? AbstractIn the western Mediterranean, the question of the settlement patterns of the first farming communities remains a much debated issue. Frequently compared with the LBK model, based on hundreds of well-documented villages, the settlement organization of the Impressed Ware complex is still poorly characterized and highly diversified. New data obtained in Southern France (Languedoc) may shed light on this matter, based on new excavations, revised data, and a multi-proxy perspective (site type, domestic area, food supply strategies, activities, spheres of acquisition of raw material, and so forth). Rather than reproducing a pattern of site locations and settlement structuring, it seems that these Early Neolithic groups sought to optimize the location and structuring of their settlements in relation to the specific characteristics of the surrounding environment and available resources. We therefore propose that the diversity observed in the settlement organization of these first farming communities is a reflection of a social organization well-adapted to the diversity of the ecosystem. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Open Archaeology de Gruyter

Territoriality and Settlement in Southern France in the Early Neolithic: Diversity as a Strategy?

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2021 Claire Manen et al., published by De Gruyter
ISSN
2300-6560
eISSN
2300-6560
DOI
10.1515/opar-2020-0179
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractIn the western Mediterranean, the question of the settlement patterns of the first farming communities remains a much debated issue. Frequently compared with the LBK model, based on hundreds of well-documented villages, the settlement organization of the Impressed Ware complex is still poorly characterized and highly diversified. New data obtained in Southern France (Languedoc) may shed light on this matter, based on new excavations, revised data, and a multi-proxy perspective (site type, domestic area, food supply strategies, activities, spheres of acquisition of raw material, and so forth). Rather than reproducing a pattern of site locations and settlement structuring, it seems that these Early Neolithic groups sought to optimize the location and structuring of their settlements in relation to the specific characteristics of the surrounding environment and available resources. We therefore propose that the diversity observed in the settlement organization of these first farming communities is a reflection of a social organization well-adapted to the diversity of the ecosystem.

Journal

Open Archaeologyde Gruyter

Published: Sep 21, 2021

Keywords: southern France; Early Neolithic; settlement patterns; territoriality; social networks

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