Super-Truth & Direct Reference

Super-Truth & Direct Reference Abstract Proponents of supervaluationism claim super-truth, i. e., truth on every admissible precisification, is identical to truth or, at least, is a suitable truth proxy. I object that super-truth is neither identical to nor a suitable proxy for truth. I argue that to claim a statement is super-true is simply to maintain that a certain counterfactual holds, and that a claim is true, counterfactually, is no reason to treat it as true. I further argue that, with super-truth undermined, Roy Sorensen’s objection that supervaluationism cannot accommodate vague directly referential terms presents supervaluationism’s defenders with a significant challenge. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Metaphysica de Gruyter

Super-Truth & Direct Reference

Metaphysica, Volume 17 (1) – Apr 1, 2016

Super-Truth & Direct Reference


Proponents of supervaluationism claim super-truth, i. e., truth on every admissible precisification, is identical to truth or, at least, is a suitable truth proxy. I object that super-truth is neither identical to nor a suitable proxy for truth. I argue that to claim a statement is super-true is simply to maintain that a certain counterfactual holds, and that a claim is true, counterfactually, is no reason to treat it as true. I further argue that, with super-truth undermined, Roy Sorensen's objection that supervaluationism cannot accommodate vague directly referential terms presents supervaluationism's defenders with a significant challenge. Keywords: supervaluationism, counterfactuals direct reference, super-truth, vagueness, Supervaluationism & Direct Reference Roy Sorensen argues that supervaluationism does not allow vague terms to be directly referential (Sorensen 2000). A term is directly referential just if the term's meaning is its referent. There's no Fregean sense that mediates between a directly referential term and its referent. Sorensen's argument exploits the supervaluationist's commitment that vagueness isn't in the world; it's in our "mode of describing the world (Evans 1978, 208)." Sorensen notes that, since a directly referential term has no Fregean sense mediating between the term and its referent, directly referential terms have no "descriptive aspect" in which their vagueness can be located, and this suggests, on supervaluationism, directly referential terms cannot be vague (Sorensen 2000, 189). There's good reason, however, to think there are vague directly referential terms. On one influential view, proper names are directly referential, and Sorensen provides the example of "Acme" as an instance of a vague proper name. He says: Suppose explorers say, "Let us give the name `Acme' to the first tributary of the river Enigma". When they travel up the...
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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by the
ISSN
1437-2053
eISSN
1874-6373
DOI
10.1515/mp-2016-0002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Proponents of supervaluationism claim super-truth, i. e., truth on every admissible precisification, is identical to truth or, at least, is a suitable truth proxy. I object that super-truth is neither identical to nor a suitable proxy for truth. I argue that to claim a statement is super-true is simply to maintain that a certain counterfactual holds, and that a claim is true, counterfactually, is no reason to treat it as true. I further argue that, with super-truth undermined, Roy Sorensen’s objection that supervaluationism cannot accommodate vague directly referential terms presents supervaluationism’s defenders with a significant challenge.

Journal

Metaphysicade Gruyter

Published: Apr 1, 2016

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