Introduction. Spreading activation networks and connectionist systems. Feldman & Ballard (1982) introduced the term "connectionist models" to refer to a collection of theories and models in cognitive science (i.e. artificial intelligence, cognitive psychology, cognitive linguistics etc.). These theories share some important features: they are all designed to explain complex cognitive phenomena through the activity of a large number of simple processing elements. The assumption of a central processor operating on a passive memory (the model of the von Neumann machine) or the introduction of a "cognitive executive" in models for cognitive behavior is avoided; all processing is supposed to be done by the interaction of simple processors in parallel. Connectionist models as well as spreading activation theories question fundamental, theoretical assumptions about the nature of the human language processing system. Connectionist models are not based on the traditional "physical symbol system" hypothesis, and language processing is no longer viewed as exclusively rule-driven behavior (see Elman 1988, for example). Instead, language analysis and production is assumed to be the result of the simultaneous consideration of multiple constraints encoded in a network which performs analog computation (e.g. Dell 1985, Diederich 1985, 1988a, b, c, d, and Schnelle 1981). Spreading activation
Theoretical Linguistics – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1990
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera