Introduction In Zhu (1985), Chinese is characterized as a language in which there is no correspondence between grammatical categories and grammatical functions (GC-GF correspondence hereafter). In Chinese, according to Zhu, the subject (or the object) does not have to be a NP or the predicate a VP. He uses the following examples to show that in Chinese a subject can be a VP and a predicate can be a NP. (1) "VP" subject käi motuo rongyi. operate moped easy Operat(ing) mopeds is easy.' (2) "NP" predicate zhege ren huäng toufa. this person blond hair This person (is) blond-haired.' We may speculate that there is an invisible derivational morpheme in Chinese that deverbalizes the subject "VP" in (1) and verbalizes the predicate "NP" in (2). However, if the GC-GF correspondence is not a language universal, as is suggested by Zhu's claim that there is no such correspondence in Chinese, any GC would be able to undertake any GF. Then why does a phrase need to undergo category conversion before joining others to form a sentence? In section 1, I will show that the verb in a subject "VP" is nonfinite, although it takes the same form a finite verb
Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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