Malay is the National Language of Malaysia. English is an important second language. Many of the older lawyers are more comfortable and proficient in English as English was the medium of instruction when they were in school. The younger lawyers had Malay as the medium of instruction and are consequently more comfortable in Malay. It was therefore hypothesized that code-switching would be used in a courtroom setting and the objective of this research is to investigate the functions of code-switching used by key personnel in a courtroom, i. e. lawyers, judges and witnesses. Background of the setting Malaysia is a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual country with a population (1999) of about 22 million people speaking at least a hundred languages. Malaysia comprises two areas, Peninsular Malaysia (previously known as Malaya) and Sabah and Sarawak on the Island of Borneo. The British era in Malaysia began in Malaya in the late 18th century and independence was granted to the Federation of Malaya in 1957. In September 1963, Malaya combined with Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak to form Malaysia. Singapore left the union shortly after. There are three main ethnic groups in Malaysia, i. e. Malays (61 percent), Chinese (28 percent), Indians (8
Multilingua - Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication – de Gruyter
Published: Apr 8, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera