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Professor Krzysztof Rostański - a life of exceptional merit

Professor Krzysztof Rostański - a life of exceptional merit Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 17: 3-8, 2010 10.2478/v10119-010-0010-6 www.brc.amu.edu.pl BRC Department of Plant Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 PoznaÒ, Poland, e-mail: latowski@amu.edu.pl In October 2010, Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski (Fig. 1) celebrated two glorious and noteworthy anniversaries ñ his 80th birthday and 55 years of his scientific work. What a meritorious occasion for a Jubilee! Professor RostaÒski has marked his arduous life with numerous achievements, creating a body of permanent heritage to the treasury of knowledge. For these achievements he is well-known and highly-regarded both in Poland and internationally, being considered an eminent specialist in taxonomy. He belongs to the elite group of contemporary botanists, first of all, as an exceptional expert in taxonomic and geobotanical problems concerning the genus Oenothera ñ evening-primrose1 . Heterogeneous European evening primroses are known for the occurrence of frequent chromosomal aberrations (translocations), yielding specimens with new, although subtle morphological characteristics. This mechanism has become the starting point for a discussion on the determination of boundaries between species, in which Professor RostaÒski has played a prominent role. He is a co-originator and a consistent proponent of the concept of narrowly understood species (the so-called European school). Professor RostaÒski received his education at two academic centres. For three years (1949-1952), he studied in ToruÒ, where he completed undergraduate studies in biology. He completed graduate studies with a M.Sc. degree in 1954 at the University of Wrocaw, under the supervision of Prof. Stanisaw KulczyÒski, an outstanding paleobotanist and phytogeographer. It was at the laboratory of his Master ñ as he calls Stanisaw KulczyÒski ñ that Krzysztof RostaÒskiís interest in floristic and ecological problems, as well as taxonomy began to flourish. Thanks to his diligence and talents, he started his scientific career immediately after the completion of his studies at the Department headed by his Master. His passion for plants soon resulted in his being 1 îñëèííèê (in Belorussian), ñâeùèöà, ïóïàëêà (in Bulgarian), pupalka (in Czech), helokkiöljy (in Finnish), õhtul priimula (in Estonian), onagre (in French), nagra (in Spanish.), nakvisu (in Lithuanian), vakara primulas (in Latvian), teunisbloem (in Dutch), nachtkerze (in German), nattysolje (in Norwegian), wiesio³ek (in Polish), primula (in Portuguese), ýíîòåðà, íî÷íàÿ ñâå÷à, îñëèííèê (in Russian), seara ciubticca-cuculi (in Romanian), pupalka (in Slovak), nattjus (in Swedish), ligetszépe (in Hungarian), rapunci (in Italian) Fig. 1. Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski (photograph by A. RostaÒski) © Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznaÒ (Poland), Department of Plant Taxonomy. All rights reserved. appointed the position of a custodian at the local herbarium, which collections had been dramatically depleted at the end of the Second World War and required the care of an efficient specialist. It was there that Professor RostaÒski began his life-long adventure with evening primrose. The first publication was printed soon (1959) in a well-known and regarded national journal and concerned the occurrence of Oenothera silesiaca Renner in the Lower Silesia region. It was this problem that Krzysztof RostaÒski presented in his doctoral dissertation entitled ÑTaxonomic studies on species from the genus Oenothera L., subgenus Euoenotheraî, defended in 1964 at the University of Wrocaw and prepared under the supervision of Prof. Stanisaw KulczyÒski. It needs to be stressed that by the time he completed the procedure connected with the conferral of the Ph.D. degree he had shown an exceptional activity, publishing as many as 10 papers. Among them, a study on three genera (Echium, Cynoglossum, Omphalodes) for the 10th volume of a monograph of ÑFlora of Polandî, which is of an unsurpassed importance to the present. Being appointed for such a tremendous task was obviously a considerable distinction for Krzysztof RostaÒski, M.Sc. The main body of scientific achievements comprises studies of Professor RostaÒski devoted to the genus Oenothera. In the beginning they pertained to the Silesia region and entire Poland. The following years brought about an extension of the scope of research to the neighbouring countries, soon to extend over almost all Europe. The intensity of his work during the past 50 years may be indicated by the number of published studies. Close to 50 of these almost 100 studies have been devoted to different aspects of the genus Oenothera, which became a characteristic identification mark for Professor RostaÒski. Besides conventional morphological analyses, used in taxonomic diagnoses, there have been publications on floristic and historic phytogeography, attempts at the determination of the degree of naturalisation of new species or constant hybrids, a micromorphological analysis of pollen grain and seed sculpture using the SEM technique, karyological analyses of metaphase plates in the determination of chromosome number, as well as agricultural experiments and photochemical analyses of secondary metabolites. Cultivation of evening primrose on experimental plots has been an important and permanent element of his studies. As early as mid-1960ís, i.e. at an early stage of his scientific activity, Prof. RostaÒski made an attempt to incorporate mathematical procedures in taxonomy. He applied the dedrite method in the determination of phenetic similarity of evening primroses, which was initially called the Wrocaw taxonomy. To these methods he introduced his own specific proposals and clarification of certain terms. Professor RostaÒski has had an exceptional ability to initiate cooperation, which fruitful results have contributed to a broadening of knowledge on evening primroses in different aspects. Botanists ñ florists are well-acquainted with problems with the identification of evening primroses at the level of species. However, a certain aid in the identification is offered by a characteristic habit of plants, which in combination with their prolific occurrence makes them easy to find, particularly during blooming period. Moreover, each coworker was trained by Professor RostaÒski in the course of their joint field studies to recognise several most common species and became sensitive to characteristics indicating evening primrose peculiarities. Thanks to his efforts, around a dozen of his disciples from academic centres throughout Poland were co-authors of papers recording the status of regional richness of species and some of them discovered species previously unknown in Poland, which of course were identified by Professor RostaÒski, e.g. J. Serwatka ñ O. cruciata Nutt., P. Witosawski ñ O. juterbogensis Hudziok and O. flaemingina Hudziok, K. Latowski ñ O. coronifera Renner (Fig. 2). A more numerous group of over 20 such co-workers, with whom Professor RostaÒski published joint results of floristic studies, has comprised botanists from Great Britain, Scandinavia, France, Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Italy, Albania, as well as Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Thus Professor RostaÒski has successfully infected many European botanists with his passion. The above mentioned cooperation to a certain degree speeded up the publication of studies of synthetic character. In 2004, Professor RostaÒski together with his co-workers summed up the status of identification of evening primroses in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, publishing a regional monograph ÑThe genus Oenothera L. in Eastern Europeî. The latest work was published in October 2010 in KrakÛw (Copyright by W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences) and summed up 50-year studies on taxonomic diversity and chorology of evening primroses on the European continent, entitled ìEvening-Primroses (Oenothera) occurring in Europeî. This monograph contains morphological diagnoses of 61 species and more common hybrids, information on their origin and descriptions of their distribution together with maps. The characteristic of each species was supplemented with a colour photograph of a herbarium specimen or a specimen growing in nature, as well as photographs showing key morphological traits. An exceptionally useful role is played by an original, dichotomic key for the identification of all species, together with the specification of characteristics of their internal variation for some of them. Here I would like to particularly stress the fact that the monograph appeared in a two-language, English-Polish version, Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 17: 3-8, 2010 thanks to which it has become available to a very wide circle of readers. Apart from evening primrose, Professor RostaÒski has also investigated other taxonomic, geobotanical and nature conservation issues. Results of his studies on broadly understood environmental protection, conducted in Upper Silesia, strongly transformed by anthropopressure, are of particular interest. They are reports from experiments and air pollution monitoring around industrial emission sources, based on lichen species composition, which were used to determine the level of harmfulness and for identification of contamination zones. Studies documenting changes in vascular flora on permanent plots located in pine coniferous forests are also practical in character. Knowledge of Professor RostaÒski, combined with his experience of many years, has also resulted in his participation in the discussion on theoretical foundations Fig. 2. Oenothera coronifera Renner in the grounds of the GogÛw railway station (photograph by K. RostaÒski, 4.07.2001) of geo-historical classification of synanthropic flora. This problem was investigated in several publications, of which the best known publication is a study on ephemerophytes in Poland, published in 1987. A considerable part of the scientific achievements of Professor RostaÒski comprises papers on the occurrence of grasses in Poland (Digitaria, Setaria, Echinochloa microstachya), new taxa for Polish flora (Geranium wilfordii, Asarum europaeum L. for. pseudocaucasicum Paw.), or in the Silesia region (Alchemilla cymatophylla), as well as many other interesting species (Euphorbia epithymoides, Matteucia struthiopteris). In additon, for some volumes of the multi-volume work ÑThe Flora of Polandî, Professor RostaÒski prepared sections on several genera from the family Asteraceae (Aster, Bellidiastrum, Callistephus, Echinops, Galatella, Linosyris, Solidago) and the entire family Euphorbiaceae. The contribution of Professor RostaÒski to the task of educating young scientists has been outstanding. Under his supervision 200 young people received their M.Sc. degrees and 22 received their Ph.D. degrees. This has been obviously connected with the personality of Professor RostaÒski ñ a cheerful, kind, cooperative academic teacher, and, at the same time, a person with a great passion for science. When writing on his achievements we have to mention publications for the broadly understood teaching activity. Together with his son, Krzysztof Marek RostaÒski, he developed a key for the identification of trees and shrubs. Initially it was a book containing a selected group of species. As very soon the book was sold out, an extended version was prepared, enriched with colour photographs and diagnostic drawings. The following editions (a total of as many as four!) make it possible to identify species not only on the basis of characteristics observable during the vegetation season, but also taking into consideration characteristics of leafless twigs. However, a work of particular merit is obviously his academic textbook entitled ÑLectures on systematic botanyî, with already three editions, of which each successive one was extended and supplemented with the latest findings. It is highly useful, particularly, for students of biology. The first chapters of this textbook introduces the reader to the difficult problem of the creation of systems in the historical perspective, i.e., from artificial systems to contemporary natural systems with a high degree of prognostic accuracy. A systematic review of individual groups was consciously preceded by several, most basic principles and rules, which in accordance with the regulations of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are to be applied in plant taxonomy. These rules pertain to the technique of determining nomenclature types, application of the principle of priority, as well as the hierarchic system of taxa, together with endings of supra-generic units used to identify them. Professor RostaÒski has also been acclaimed as the Author of a publication of literary merit, a particularly colourful and interesting account of his scientific adventure of many decades. It is an article included in the collective work entitled ÑThe expedition for the green treasureî, based on an idea by the late Professor Janusz B. FaliÒski. The very title, ÑFollowing new evening primroses throughout old Europeî, arouses interest and the text is evidence of the attractiveness of the style. Professor RostaÒski travelled not only throughout Europe. He was also on a long-term scientific stay in Cuba, where he went twice, spending there a total of 12 months. We need to mentione also his highly praised articles, which required preliminary surveys of archive literature sources, concerning the history of science and presenting the lives and activities of Szymon Syreniusz, Jakub Waga or Edward Strasburger. On the 15th October, i.e., a day before his 80-th birthday, his co-workers and former students will organise a commemorative scientific session on ÑContemporary times and prospects for plant taxonomy in Poland. With evening primrose in viewî. Papers requested by the organisers will be provided by Adam Zajc on ÑSelected current problems in biologyî, on ÑMorphology in plant taxonomy ñ between a written source and truthî, Barbara Sudnik-WÛjcikowska on ÑBurial mounds as microcentres of biodiversityî, Vladimir Jehlik on ÑOenothera species in river harbours of Central Europeî and, Adam RostaÒski on ÑGenus Oenothera L. in the collection of the Scientific Herbarium of the Silesian University ñ Herbarium KTUî. The outstanding body of publications written by Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski is impressive, comprising jointly 230 items. A chronological review of this long list shows its exceptional rhythmicality and repeated continuity. For the period of 56 years, i.e., from his first paper printed in 1956, at least one study has been published every year, although most frequently there were two or more of them. In the last 20 years the number of publications increased to as many as 11, with the focus definitely shifting towards works summing up his knowledge. I would like to take this occasion of both outstanding anniversaries and wish our highly respected Professor good health and many successes in the realisation of further scientific projects, particularly those related to evening primroses, his lifetime passion. Ad multos annos!!! Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 17: 3-8, 2010 Selected publications of Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski (in chronological order) ROSTA--SKI K. 1959. O wystÍpowaniu Oenothera silesiaca Renner na Dolnym ålsku [The Oenothera silesiaca Renner in the Lower Silesia]. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 6 (3): 3-6. ROSTA--SKI K. 1966. Die Arten der Gattung Oenothera L. in Ungarn. Acta Bot. Acad. Sc. Hung. 12(3-4): 337-349. ROSTA--SKI K. 1968. Neofityzm wystÍpujcych w Europie gatunkÛw rodzaju Oenothera L. [Neophytism of species of the genus Oenothera occurring in Europe]. Mat. Zak. Fitosoc. Stos. UW 25: 67-79. ROSTA--SKI K. 1968. PrÛba zastosowania metody dendrytowej w systematyce gatunkÛw rodzaju Oenothera L. [The example of the application of the dendrite metod to classification of some Oenothera species]. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 37(2): 235-244. ROSTA--SKI K. 1971. Solidago L., Callistephus Cass., Aster L., Bellidiastrum Cass., Linosyris Cass., Galatella Cass., Echinops L. In: B. PAW£OWSKI & A. JASIEWICZ (eds.). Flora Polski. Roúliny naczyniowe Polski i ziem oúciennych [Flora of Poland. Vascular plants of Poland and neighboring lands], vol. 12. PWN, Warszawa-KrakÛw. GUTTE P. & R OSTA--SKI K. 1971. Die Oenothera-Arten Sachsens. Ber. Arbeitsgem. saechs. Bot., NF 9: 6388. ROSTA--SKI K. & KRAWIECOWA A. 1972. Projekt usprawnienia klasyfikacji roúlin synantropijnych [A project for improving of the classification of synanthropic plants]. Phytocoenosis 1(3): 217-222. Warszawa-Biaowieøa. ROSTA--SKI K. 1975. Rozmieszczenie gatunkÛw rodzaju Oenothera L. z podrodzaju Oenothera w ZSRR [The distribution of the species of the genus Oenothera L. subgenus Oenothera In the USSR]. Acta Biol. Katowice 1: 7-35. ROSTA--SKI K. & KRAWIECOWA A. 1976. ZaleønoúÊ flory synantropijnej wybranych miast polskich od ich warunkÛw przyrodniczych i rozwoju [Dependence of synanthropic flora of the selected cities of Poland on their natural conditions and development]. Acta Univ.Wratisl. Prace Botaniczne 21: 5-61. ROSTA--SKI K. 1976-2005. Oenothera L. (Onagra Mill.) ñ Nachtkerze. In: W. ROTHMALER, E. J. JGER & K. WERNER (eds.). Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Band 4, Gefflpflanzen: Kritischer Band, pp. 479-485. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Elsevier Gmbh, M¸nchen. R OSTA--SKI K. & E LLIS G. 1979. Evening Primroses (Oenothera L.) in Wales. Nature in Wales 16(4): 238249. PRZYWARA L. & ROSTA--SKI K. 1981. Chromosome numbers in the genus Oenothera L. from Poland. Acta Biol. Cracov. ser. Botanica 22(2): 155-162. ROSTA--SKI K. & SOLDANO A. 1981. A new Oenothera species in Central Italy. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 27(3): 375380. ROSTA--SKI K. 1982. The species of Oenothera L. in Britain. Watsonia 14: 1-34. ROSTA--SKI K. & FORSTNER W. 1982. Die Gattung Oenothera (Onagraceae) in ÷sterreich. Phyton 22(1): 87-113. ROSTA--SKI K. 1985. Zur Gliderung der Subsection Oenothera (Section Oenothera, Oenothera L., Onagraceae). Feddes Repert. 96(1-2): 3-14. ROSTA--SKI K. & SOWA R. 1986/1987. Alfabetyczny wykaz efemerofitÛw Polski [Alphabetical list of the ephmerophytes of Poland]. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 31-32 (1-2): 151-205. ROSTA--SKI K., FELISIAK J. & SOK"£ S. 1989. The morphological analyze of seeds of the species of Oenothera belonging to the subsection Oenothera (section Oenothera, Oenothera L.: Onagraceae). Acta Biol. Siles. 11(28): 7-25. ROSTA--SKI K. 1991. The representatives of the genus Oenothera L. in Portugal. Boletim. Soc. Broter. 64(2): 533. ROSTA--SKI K. & Fedyayeva V. 1991.The Genus Oenothera L. in the Flora of the Territory of Lower Don (S. Russia). Acta Biol. Siles. 19(36)): 7-15. ROSTA--SKI K. 1992. Euphorbiales ñ Wilczomleczowate (Tricoccae, TrÛjsienne). In: A. JASIEWICZ (ed.). Flora Polski. Roúliny naczyniowe [Flora of Poland. Vascular plants], vol. 3, pp. 139-179. Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera, PAN, KrakÛw. ROSTA--SKI K., DESCHATRES R., DUTARTRE G., SORNICLE R. & JEAN R. 1994. Floristique du genre Oenothera L. section Oenothera sous-section Euoenothera (Onagraceae) en France. Acta Botanica Gallica, France 141(67): 747-759. ROSTA--SKI K. 1995. The occurence of the Oenothera species in the Polish and Czech Sudetes and in Polish and Slovak Carpathians. Thaiszia 5: 21-25. JEHLIK V. & ROSTA--SKI K. 1995. Beitrag zur Taxonomie, ÷kologie und Chorologie der Oenothera-Arten in der Tschechoslovakei. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 14: 377429. J EHLIK V. & R OSTA--SKI K. 1995. Notes on the genus Oenothera subsect. Oenothera (Onagraceae) in the Czech Republic. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 30: 435-444. ROSTA--SKI K., TOKTHAR V. K., SHEVERA M. V. 1997. New for Ukraine species of the genus Oenothera L. (Onagraceae). Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 54(2): 174-177. ROSTA--SKI K. 1998. Oenothera L. (Onagraceae). In: R. WISSKIRCHEN & H. HAEUPLER (eds.). Standartliste der Farn- und Bl¸tenpflanzen Deutschlands, pp. 334-340. Verlag E. Ulmer, Stuttgart. ROSTA--SKI K. & TOKARSKA-GUZIK B. 1998. Distribution of the American epecophytes of Oenothera L. in Poland. In: J. B. FALI--SKI, W. ADAMOWSKI & B. JACKOWIAK (eds.). Synantropization of plant cover in new Polish research. Phytocoenosis 10 (N.S.) Suppl. Cartogr. Geobot. 9: 117-130. ROSTA--SKI K. & ROSTA--SKI K. M. 1999. Drzewa i krzewy. Atlas i klucz. Klucz do oznaczania wybranych gatunkÛw drzewiastych [Trees and shrubs. An atlas and guide. A guide to the identification of selected arborescent plants]. 230 pp. Wyd. Kubajak, Krzeszowice. ROSTA--SKI K. 2000. Oenothera L. (Onagraceae). In: H. HAEUPLER & Muer T. (eds.). Bildatlas der Farn- und Bl¸tenpflanzen Deutschlands, pp. 329-339. Verlag E. Ulmer, Stuttgart. ROSTA--SKI K. 2000. Wykady z botaniki systematycznej [Lectures in systematic botany]. Wyd. II poprawione i uzupenione. Wyd. Uå. Skrypty Uå 568: 1-114. Katowice. R OSTA--SKI K. & R AMST U. 2001. The distribution of Oneothera L. in Estonia. Esti Loodsmuuseumi T^id Tallinn 4: 44-57. ROSTA--SKI K. 2003. The provenience of evening primrose ñ Oenothera ñ in Europe and its present distribution. In: A. ZAJ·C, M. ZAJ·C & B. ZEMANEK (eds.). Phytogeographical problems of synanthropic plants, pp. 63-66, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Cracow. ROSTA--SKI K., DZHUS M., GUDéINSKAS Z., ROSTA--SKI A., SHEVERA M., äULCS V. & TOKHTAR V. 2004. The Genus Oenothera L. in Eastern Europe. 133 pp. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, KrakÛw. ROSTA--SKI K. & GUDéINSKAS Z. 2005. The chorology and distribution of Oenothera L. in Lithuania. Biodiversity in Relation to Vegetation Zones in Europe, 31-40. University of £Ûdü. ROSTA--SKI K. & LATOWSKI K. 2005. Oenothera coronifera Renner (Onagraceae) ñ a new species in the vascular plant flora of Poland. Thaiszia ñ J. Bot. Suppl. 1: 9199. ROSTA--SKI K. 2006. The occurring of Oenothera species in Scandinavia. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 1-2: 64-68. ROSTA--SKI K. 2007. Three new species of Oenothera from the Nordic countries. Flora Nordica Notes 32. Ann. Bot. Fennici 44: 393-396. RAKAJ M. & ROSTA--SKI K. 2009. New species of the genus Oenothera L. from coasts of the Albania and Montenegro. Natura Montenegrina, Podgorica 8(3): 163-171. ROSTA--SKI K., R OSTA--SKI A., G EROLD -å MIETA--SKA I. & W·SOWICZ P. 2010. Evening-Primroses (Oenothera) occurring in Europe [Wiesioki (Oenothera) wystÍpujce w Europie]. 157 pp. W. Szafer Institute of Botany PAN, University of Silesia. Katowice-KrakÛw. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biodiversity Research and Conservation de Gruyter

Professor Krzysztof Rostański - a life of exceptional merit

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Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 17: 3-8, 2010 10.2478/v10119-010-0010-6 www.brc.amu.edu.pl BRC Department of Plant Taxonomy, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614 PoznaÒ, Poland, e-mail: latowski@amu.edu.pl In October 2010, Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski (Fig. 1) celebrated two glorious and noteworthy anniversaries ñ his 80th birthday and 55 years of his scientific work. What a meritorious occasion for a Jubilee! Professor RostaÒski has marked his arduous life with numerous achievements, creating a body of permanent heritage to the treasury of knowledge. For these achievements he is well-known and highly-regarded both in Poland and internationally, being considered an eminent specialist in taxonomy. He belongs to the elite group of contemporary botanists, first of all, as an exceptional expert in taxonomic and geobotanical problems concerning the genus Oenothera ñ evening-primrose1 . Heterogeneous European evening primroses are known for the occurrence of frequent chromosomal aberrations (translocations), yielding specimens with new, although subtle morphological characteristics. This mechanism has become the starting point for a discussion on the determination of boundaries between species, in which Professor RostaÒski has played a prominent role. He is a co-originator and a consistent proponent of the concept of narrowly understood species (the so-called European school). Professor RostaÒski received his education at two academic centres. For three years (1949-1952), he studied in ToruÒ, where he completed undergraduate studies in biology. He completed graduate studies with a M.Sc. degree in 1954 at the University of Wrocaw, under the supervision of Prof. Stanisaw KulczyÒski, an outstanding paleobotanist and phytogeographer. It was at the laboratory of his Master ñ as he calls Stanisaw KulczyÒski ñ that Krzysztof RostaÒskiís interest in floristic and ecological problems, as well as taxonomy began to flourish. Thanks to his diligence and talents, he started his scientific career immediately after the completion of his studies at the Department headed by his Master. His passion for plants soon resulted in his being 1 îñëèííèê (in Belorussian), ñâeùèöà, ïóïàëêà (in Bulgarian), pupalka (in Czech), helokkiöljy (in Finnish), õhtul priimula (in Estonian), onagre (in French), nagra (in Spanish.), nakvisu (in Lithuanian), vakara primulas (in Latvian), teunisbloem (in Dutch), nachtkerze (in German), nattysolje (in Norwegian), wiesio³ek (in Polish), primula (in Portuguese), ýíîòåðà, íî÷íàÿ ñâå÷à, îñëèííèê (in Russian), seara ciubticca-cuculi (in Romanian), pupalka (in Slovak), nattjus (in Swedish), ligetszépe (in Hungarian), rapunci (in Italian) Fig. 1. Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski (photograph by A. RostaÒski) © Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznaÒ (Poland), Department of Plant Taxonomy. All rights reserved. appointed the position of a custodian at the local herbarium, which collections had been dramatically depleted at the end of the Second World War and required the care of an efficient specialist. It was there that Professor RostaÒski began his life-long adventure with evening primrose. The first publication was printed soon (1959) in a well-known and regarded national journal and concerned the occurrence of Oenothera silesiaca Renner in the Lower Silesia region. It was this problem that Krzysztof RostaÒski presented in his doctoral dissertation entitled ÑTaxonomic studies on species from the genus Oenothera L., subgenus Euoenotheraî, defended in 1964 at the University of Wrocaw and prepared under the supervision of Prof. Stanisaw KulczyÒski. It needs to be stressed that by the time he completed the procedure connected with the conferral of the Ph.D. degree he had shown an exceptional activity, publishing as many as 10 papers. Among them, a study on three genera (Echium, Cynoglossum, Omphalodes) for the 10th volume of a monograph of ÑFlora of Polandî, which is of an unsurpassed importance to the present. Being appointed for such a tremendous task was obviously a considerable distinction for Krzysztof RostaÒski, M.Sc. The main body of scientific achievements comprises studies of Professor RostaÒski devoted to the genus Oenothera. In the beginning they pertained to the Silesia region and entire Poland. The following years brought about an extension of the scope of research to the neighbouring countries, soon to extend over almost all Europe. The intensity of his work during the past 50 years may be indicated by the number of published studies. Close to 50 of these almost 100 studies have been devoted to different aspects of the genus Oenothera, which became a characteristic identification mark for Professor RostaÒski. Besides conventional morphological analyses, used in taxonomic diagnoses, there have been publications on floristic and historic phytogeography, attempts at the determination of the degree of naturalisation of new species or constant hybrids, a micromorphological analysis of pollen grain and seed sculpture using the SEM technique, karyological analyses of metaphase plates in the determination of chromosome number, as well as agricultural experiments and photochemical analyses of secondary metabolites. Cultivation of evening primrose on experimental plots has been an important and permanent element of his studies. As early as mid-1960ís, i.e. at an early stage of his scientific activity, Prof. RostaÒski made an attempt to incorporate mathematical procedures in taxonomy. He applied the dedrite method in the determination of phenetic similarity of evening primroses, which was initially called the Wrocaw taxonomy. To these methods he introduced his own specific proposals and clarification of certain terms. Professor RostaÒski has had an exceptional ability to initiate cooperation, which fruitful results have contributed to a broadening of knowledge on evening primroses in different aspects. Botanists ñ florists are well-acquainted with problems with the identification of evening primroses at the level of species. However, a certain aid in the identification is offered by a characteristic habit of plants, which in combination with their prolific occurrence makes them easy to find, particularly during blooming period. Moreover, each coworker was trained by Professor RostaÒski in the course of their joint field studies to recognise several most common species and became sensitive to characteristics indicating evening primrose peculiarities. Thanks to his efforts, around a dozen of his disciples from academic centres throughout Poland were co-authors of papers recording the status of regional richness of species and some of them discovered species previously unknown in Poland, which of course were identified by Professor RostaÒski, e.g. J. Serwatka ñ O. cruciata Nutt., P. Witosawski ñ O. juterbogensis Hudziok and O. flaemingina Hudziok, K. Latowski ñ O. coronifera Renner (Fig. 2). A more numerous group of over 20 such co-workers, with whom Professor RostaÒski published joint results of floristic studies, has comprised botanists from Great Britain, Scandinavia, France, Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Italy, Albania, as well as Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. Thus Professor RostaÒski has successfully infected many European botanists with his passion. The above mentioned cooperation to a certain degree speeded up the publication of studies of synthetic character. In 2004, Professor RostaÒski together with his co-workers summed up the status of identification of evening primroses in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, publishing a regional monograph ÑThe genus Oenothera L. in Eastern Europeî. The latest work was published in October 2010 in KrakÛw (Copyright by W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences) and summed up 50-year studies on taxonomic diversity and chorology of evening primroses on the European continent, entitled ìEvening-Primroses (Oenothera) occurring in Europeî. This monograph contains morphological diagnoses of 61 species and more common hybrids, information on their origin and descriptions of their distribution together with maps. The characteristic of each species was supplemented with a colour photograph of a herbarium specimen or a specimen growing in nature, as well as photographs showing key morphological traits. An exceptionally useful role is played by an original, dichotomic key for the identification of all species, together with the specification of characteristics of their internal variation for some of them. Here I would like to particularly stress the fact that the monograph appeared in a two-language, English-Polish version, Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 17: 3-8, 2010 thanks to which it has become available to a very wide circle of readers. Apart from evening primrose, Professor RostaÒski has also investigated other taxonomic, geobotanical and nature conservation issues. Results of his studies on broadly understood environmental protection, conducted in Upper Silesia, strongly transformed by anthropopressure, are of particular interest. They are reports from experiments and air pollution monitoring around industrial emission sources, based on lichen species composition, which were used to determine the level of harmfulness and for identification of contamination zones. Studies documenting changes in vascular flora on permanent plots located in pine coniferous forests are also practical in character. Knowledge of Professor RostaÒski, combined with his experience of many years, has also resulted in his participation in the discussion on theoretical foundations Fig. 2. Oenothera coronifera Renner in the grounds of the GogÛw railway station (photograph by K. RostaÒski, 4.07.2001) of geo-historical classification of synanthropic flora. This problem was investigated in several publications, of which the best known publication is a study on ephemerophytes in Poland, published in 1987. A considerable part of the scientific achievements of Professor RostaÒski comprises papers on the occurrence of grasses in Poland (Digitaria, Setaria, Echinochloa microstachya), new taxa for Polish flora (Geranium wilfordii, Asarum europaeum L. for. pseudocaucasicum Paw.), or in the Silesia region (Alchemilla cymatophylla), as well as many other interesting species (Euphorbia epithymoides, Matteucia struthiopteris). In additon, for some volumes of the multi-volume work ÑThe Flora of Polandî, Professor RostaÒski prepared sections on several genera from the family Asteraceae (Aster, Bellidiastrum, Callistephus, Echinops, Galatella, Linosyris, Solidago) and the entire family Euphorbiaceae. The contribution of Professor RostaÒski to the task of educating young scientists has been outstanding. Under his supervision 200 young people received their M.Sc. degrees and 22 received their Ph.D. degrees. This has been obviously connected with the personality of Professor RostaÒski ñ a cheerful, kind, cooperative academic teacher, and, at the same time, a person with a great passion for science. When writing on his achievements we have to mention publications for the broadly understood teaching activity. Together with his son, Krzysztof Marek RostaÒski, he developed a key for the identification of trees and shrubs. Initially it was a book containing a selected group of species. As very soon the book was sold out, an extended version was prepared, enriched with colour photographs and diagnostic drawings. The following editions (a total of as many as four!) make it possible to identify species not only on the basis of characteristics observable during the vegetation season, but also taking into consideration characteristics of leafless twigs. However, a work of particular merit is obviously his academic textbook entitled ÑLectures on systematic botanyî, with already three editions, of which each successive one was extended and supplemented with the latest findings. It is highly useful, particularly, for students of biology. The first chapters of this textbook introduces the reader to the difficult problem of the creation of systems in the historical perspective, i.e., from artificial systems to contemporary natural systems with a high degree of prognostic accuracy. A systematic review of individual groups was consciously preceded by several, most basic principles and rules, which in accordance with the regulations of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are to be applied in plant taxonomy. These rules pertain to the technique of determining nomenclature types, application of the principle of priority, as well as the hierarchic system of taxa, together with endings of supra-generic units used to identify them. Professor RostaÒski has also been acclaimed as the Author of a publication of literary merit, a particularly colourful and interesting account of his scientific adventure of many decades. It is an article included in the collective work entitled ÑThe expedition for the green treasureî, based on an idea by the late Professor Janusz B. FaliÒski. The very title, ÑFollowing new evening primroses throughout old Europeî, arouses interest and the text is evidence of the attractiveness of the style. Professor RostaÒski travelled not only throughout Europe. He was also on a long-term scientific stay in Cuba, where he went twice, spending there a total of 12 months. We need to mentione also his highly praised articles, which required preliminary surveys of archive literature sources, concerning the history of science and presenting the lives and activities of Szymon Syreniusz, Jakub Waga or Edward Strasburger. On the 15th October, i.e., a day before his 80-th birthday, his co-workers and former students will organise a commemorative scientific session on ÑContemporary times and prospects for plant taxonomy in Poland. With evening primrose in viewî. Papers requested by the organisers will be provided by Adam Zajc on ÑSelected current problems in biologyî, on ÑMorphology in plant taxonomy ñ between a written source and truthî, Barbara Sudnik-WÛjcikowska on ÑBurial mounds as microcentres of biodiversityî, Vladimir Jehlik on ÑOenothera species in river harbours of Central Europeî and, Adam RostaÒski on ÑGenus Oenothera L. in the collection of the Scientific Herbarium of the Silesian University ñ Herbarium KTUî. The outstanding body of publications written by Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski is impressive, comprising jointly 230 items. A chronological review of this long list shows its exceptional rhythmicality and repeated continuity. For the period of 56 years, i.e., from his first paper printed in 1956, at least one study has been published every year, although most frequently there were two or more of them. In the last 20 years the number of publications increased to as many as 11, with the focus definitely shifting towards works summing up his knowledge. I would like to take this occasion of both outstanding anniversaries and wish our highly respected Professor good health and many successes in the realisation of further scientific projects, particularly those related to evening primroses, his lifetime passion. Ad multos annos!!! Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 17: 3-8, 2010 Selected publications of Professor Krzysztof RostaÒski (in chronological order) ROSTA--SKI K. 1959. O wystÍpowaniu Oenothera silesiaca Renner na Dolnym ålsku [The Oenothera silesiaca Renner in the Lower Silesia]. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 6 (3): 3-6. ROSTA--SKI K. 1966. Die Arten der Gattung Oenothera L. in Ungarn. Acta Bot. Acad. Sc. Hung. 12(3-4): 337-349. ROSTA--SKI K. 1968. Neofityzm wystÍpujcych w Europie gatunkÛw rodzaju Oenothera L. [Neophytism of species of the genus Oenothera occurring in Europe]. Mat. Zak. Fitosoc. Stos. UW 25: 67-79. ROSTA--SKI K. 1968. PrÛba zastosowania metody dendrytowej w systematyce gatunkÛw rodzaju Oenothera L. [The example of the application of the dendrite metod to classification of some Oenothera species]. Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 37(2): 235-244. ROSTA--SKI K. 1971. Solidago L., Callistephus Cass., Aster L., Bellidiastrum Cass., Linosyris Cass., Galatella Cass., Echinops L. In: B. PAW£OWSKI & A. JASIEWICZ (eds.). Flora Polski. Roúliny naczyniowe Polski i ziem oúciennych [Flora of Poland. Vascular plants of Poland and neighboring lands], vol. 12. PWN, Warszawa-KrakÛw. GUTTE P. & R OSTA--SKI K. 1971. Die Oenothera-Arten Sachsens. Ber. Arbeitsgem. saechs. Bot., NF 9: 6388. ROSTA--SKI K. & KRAWIECOWA A. 1972. Projekt usprawnienia klasyfikacji roúlin synantropijnych [A project for improving of the classification of synanthropic plants]. Phytocoenosis 1(3): 217-222. Warszawa-Biaowieøa. ROSTA--SKI K. 1975. Rozmieszczenie gatunkÛw rodzaju Oenothera L. z podrodzaju Oenothera w ZSRR [The distribution of the species of the genus Oenothera L. subgenus Oenothera In the USSR]. Acta Biol. Katowice 1: 7-35. ROSTA--SKI K. & KRAWIECOWA A. 1976. ZaleønoúÊ flory synantropijnej wybranych miast polskich od ich warunkÛw przyrodniczych i rozwoju [Dependence of synanthropic flora of the selected cities of Poland on their natural conditions and development]. Acta Univ.Wratisl. Prace Botaniczne 21: 5-61. ROSTA--SKI K. 1976-2005. Oenothera L. (Onagra Mill.) ñ Nachtkerze. In: W. ROTHMALER, E. J. JGER & K. WERNER (eds.). Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Band 4, Gefflpflanzen: Kritischer Band, pp. 479-485. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Elsevier Gmbh, M¸nchen. R OSTA--SKI K. & E LLIS G. 1979. Evening Primroses (Oenothera L.) in Wales. Nature in Wales 16(4): 238249. PRZYWARA L. & ROSTA--SKI K. 1981. Chromosome numbers in the genus Oenothera L. from Poland. Acta Biol. Cracov. ser. Botanica 22(2): 155-162. ROSTA--SKI K. & SOLDANO A. 1981. A new Oenothera species in Central Italy. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 27(3): 375380. ROSTA--SKI K. 1982. The species of Oenothera L. in Britain. Watsonia 14: 1-34. ROSTA--SKI K. & FORSTNER W. 1982. Die Gattung Oenothera (Onagraceae) in ÷sterreich. Phyton 22(1): 87-113. ROSTA--SKI K. 1985. Zur Gliderung der Subsection Oenothera (Section Oenothera, Oenothera L., Onagraceae). Feddes Repert. 96(1-2): 3-14. ROSTA--SKI K. & SOWA R. 1986/1987. Alfabetyczny wykaz efemerofitÛw Polski [Alphabetical list of the ephmerophytes of Poland]. Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 31-32 (1-2): 151-205. ROSTA--SKI K., FELISIAK J. & SOK"£ S. 1989. The morphological analyze of seeds of the species of Oenothera belonging to the subsection Oenothera (section Oenothera, Oenothera L.: Onagraceae). Acta Biol. Siles. 11(28): 7-25. ROSTA--SKI K. 1991. The representatives of the genus Oenothera L. in Portugal. Boletim. Soc. Broter. 64(2): 533. ROSTA--SKI K. & Fedyayeva V. 1991.The Genus Oenothera L. in the Flora of the Territory of Lower Don (S. Russia). Acta Biol. Siles. 19(36)): 7-15. ROSTA--SKI K. 1992. Euphorbiales ñ Wilczomleczowate (Tricoccae, TrÛjsienne). In: A. JASIEWICZ (ed.). Flora Polski. Roúliny naczyniowe [Flora of Poland. Vascular plants], vol. 3, pp. 139-179. Instytut Botaniki im. W. Szafera, PAN, KrakÛw. ROSTA--SKI K., DESCHATRES R., DUTARTRE G., SORNICLE R. & JEAN R. 1994. Floristique du genre Oenothera L. section Oenothera sous-section Euoenothera (Onagraceae) en France. Acta Botanica Gallica, France 141(67): 747-759. ROSTA--SKI K. 1995. The occurence of the Oenothera species in the Polish and Czech Sudetes and in Polish and Slovak Carpathians. Thaiszia 5: 21-25. JEHLIK V. & ROSTA--SKI K. 1995. Beitrag zur Taxonomie, ÷kologie und Chorologie der Oenothera-Arten in der Tschechoslovakei. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 14: 377429. J EHLIK V. & R OSTA--SKI K. 1995. Notes on the genus Oenothera subsect. Oenothera (Onagraceae) in the Czech Republic. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 30: 435-444. ROSTA--SKI K., TOKTHAR V. K., SHEVERA M. V. 1997. New for Ukraine species of the genus Oenothera L. (Onagraceae). Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 54(2): 174-177. ROSTA--SKI K. 1998. Oenothera L. (Onagraceae). In: R. WISSKIRCHEN & H. HAEUPLER (eds.). Standartliste der Farn- und Bl¸tenpflanzen Deutschlands, pp. 334-340. Verlag E. Ulmer, Stuttgart. ROSTA--SKI K. & TOKARSKA-GUZIK B. 1998. Distribution of the American epecophytes of Oenothera L. in Poland. In: J. B. FALI--SKI, W. ADAMOWSKI & B. JACKOWIAK (eds.). Synantropization of plant cover in new Polish research. Phytocoenosis 10 (N.S.) Suppl. Cartogr. Geobot. 9: 117-130. ROSTA--SKI K. & ROSTA--SKI K. M. 1999. Drzewa i krzewy. Atlas i klucz. Klucz do oznaczania wybranych gatunkÛw drzewiastych [Trees and shrubs. An atlas and guide. A guide to the identification of selected arborescent plants]. 230 pp. Wyd. Kubajak, Krzeszowice. ROSTA--SKI K. 2000. Oenothera L. (Onagraceae). In: H. HAEUPLER & Muer T. (eds.). Bildatlas der Farn- und Bl¸tenpflanzen Deutschlands, pp. 329-339. Verlag E. Ulmer, Stuttgart. ROSTA--SKI K. 2000. Wykady z botaniki systematycznej [Lectures in systematic botany]. Wyd. II poprawione i uzupenione. Wyd. Uå. Skrypty Uå 568: 1-114. Katowice. R OSTA--SKI K. & R AMST U. 2001. The distribution of Oneothera L. in Estonia. Esti Loodsmuuseumi T^id Tallinn 4: 44-57. ROSTA--SKI K. 2003. The provenience of evening primrose ñ Oenothera ñ in Europe and its present distribution. In: A. ZAJ·C, M. ZAJ·C & B. ZEMANEK (eds.). Phytogeographical problems of synanthropic plants, pp. 63-66, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Cracow. ROSTA--SKI K., DZHUS M., GUDéINSKAS Z., ROSTA--SKI A., SHEVERA M., äULCS V. & TOKHTAR V. 2004. The Genus Oenothera L. in Eastern Europe. 133 pp. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, KrakÛw. ROSTA--SKI K. & GUDéINSKAS Z. 2005. The chorology and distribution of Oenothera L. in Lithuania. Biodiversity in Relation to Vegetation Zones in Europe, 31-40. University of £Ûdü. ROSTA--SKI K. & LATOWSKI K. 2005. Oenothera coronifera Renner (Onagraceae) ñ a new species in the vascular plant flora of Poland. Thaiszia ñ J. Bot. Suppl. 1: 9199. ROSTA--SKI K. 2006. The occurring of Oenothera species in Scandinavia. Biodiv. Res. Conserv. 1-2: 64-68. ROSTA--SKI K. 2007. Three new species of Oenothera from the Nordic countries. Flora Nordica Notes 32. Ann. Bot. Fennici 44: 393-396. RAKAJ M. & ROSTA--SKI K. 2009. New species of the genus Oenothera L. from coasts of the Albania and Montenegro. Natura Montenegrina, Podgorica 8(3): 163-171. ROSTA--SKI K., R OSTA--SKI A., G EROLD -å MIETA--SKA I. & W·SOWICZ P. 2010. Evening-Primroses (Oenothera) occurring in Europe [Wiesioki (Oenothera) wystÍpujce w Europie]. 157 pp. W. Szafer Institute of Botany PAN, University of Silesia. Katowice-KrakÛw.

Journal

Biodiversity Research and Conservationde Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 2010

References