The aim of the present study was to attempt to elucidate the nature of the units of encoding involved in the generation of spontaneous speech, firstly through analysis of the distribution of hesitations in speech, and secondly through analysis of speaker gaze direction in conversation. These analyses suggested that both suprasentential units and simple clausal units are implicated in the encoding process. Moreover, evidence of encoding on a clausal basis was only obtained for speech produced during the planning phases of the larger, suprasentential units. Introduction The present study is an attempt to elucidate the nature of the units of encoding involved in the generation of spontaneous speech by looking closely at a speaker's verbal and nonverbal behaviour in conversation. Specifically, it involves analysis of two distinct types of speaker activity -- one intrinsic to speech, namely hesitation, and one extrinsic to speech, namely speaker gaze direction. Both these activities appear to be sensitive to the cognitive planning processes underlying the generation of speech, and the former has been used extensively as an index of cognitive planning in research on speech production. There is considerable evidence that hesitations in speech do perform a variety of language planning functions
Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1979
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