Mexico HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Aztec medical and religious knowledge derived from Olmecs (800 BC), Teotihuacans (100 BC) and Toltecs (1100-1521 AC); however, there is no unique source that accurately presents Aztec medicine. Sahagun combines naturalism and religion but not magic (\"First Memorials\", \"Matritense Codex\", \"Florentine Codex\" and \"General History of New Spain\"); Hernandez gives a naturalistic image but is full of mistakes (\"Natural History of the New Spain\"); Badiano tries to match Aztecs with contemporary Europeans and with the first century medicine of the Romans (\"Badiano Codex\"), and Ruiz de Alarcon contains plenty of magical concepts (\"Book of Superstition\"). For the Aztecs, surveillance of growth was very important and represented a balance between body and soul. They described the different steps of pubertal development. They had specific treatments for thyroid disease in children, mainly hypothyroidism and goiter. There are no references to rickets, nor to type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus. When the Spaniards arrived in Mexico in 1519, the dominant culture was the Aztec or Mexica's Emporium, which represented the syncretism of the civilizations that had developed in the previous 2000 years in Meso-America: in the central zone of Mexico and Honduras, mainly Olmecs (800 BC), Teotihuacans (100
Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism – de Gruyter
Published: Apr 1, 2003
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