AbstractOne of the major causes of cardiac cell death during myocardial ischemia is the oversecretion of protease enzymes surrounding the ischemic tissue. Therefore, inhibition of the protease activity could be an alternative strategy for preventing the expansion of the injured area. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Secretory Leukocyte Protease Inhibitor (SLPI), by means of overexpression and treatment of recombinant human SLPI (rhSLPI) in an in vitro model. Rat cardiac myoblast (H9c2) cells overexpressing rhSLPI were generated by gene delivery using pCMV2-SLPI-HA plasmid. The rhSLPI-H9c2 cells, mock transfected cells, and wild-type (WT) control were subjected to simulated ischemia/reperfusion (sI/R). Moreover, the treatment of rhSLPI in H9c2 cells was also performed under sI/R conditions. The results showed that overexpression of rhSLPI in H9c2 cells significantly reduced sI/R-induced cell death and injury, intracellular ROS level, and increased Akt phosphorylation, when compared to WT and mock transfection (p <0.05). Treatment of rhSLPI prior to sI/R reduced cardiac cell death and injury, and intra-cellular ROS level. In addition, 400 ng/ml rhSLPI treatment, prior to sI, significantly inhibited p38 MAPK phosphorylation and rhSLPI at 400–1000 ng/ml could increase Akt phosphorylation.
Biomolecular Concepts – de Gruyter
Published: May 4, 2018
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