AbstractIntroduction:Heart failure due to hemosiderosis is frequent in beta-thalassemia major (β-TM) patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used in the early detection of heart failure. Amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a very sensitive marker in the diagnosis of heart failure. In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of NT-proBNP levels in thalassemia patients, who are thought to have no cardiac iron deposition according to T2* scoring system (CMRT2*>20 msn), in early identification of cardiac failure.Methods:NT-proBNP levels of 31 patients, who have T2*>20 ms, and of 25 healthy population were measured by chemoluminescence method.Results:NT-proBNP levels were not different in thalassemic patients [median: 33 (IQR: 28–94) pg/mL] compared to control group [median: 41 (IQR: 28–59) pg/mL]. We found that NT-proBNP level was above cut-off value in six patients.Conclusion:NT-proBNP is a cheaper, reachable, and noninvasive method compared to MRI technique, it can be easily used in monthly controls. Detection of high NT-proBNP levels above cut-off values in patients whose T2* values are normal indicates that measurement of NT-pro-BNP is a more sensitive marker in early detection of cardiac failure.
Turkish Journal of Biochemistry – de Gruyter
Published: Feb 1, 2017
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