Noun ellipsis in French

Noun ellipsis in French It is proposed that in French noun ellipsis constructions, the empty noun, pro, is licensed by being operator-bound (Cinque 1990) by a numeral or an adjective with a partitive, that is quantificational, meaning. This explains why onlypart ofthe attributive adjectives, namely the ones with a quantificational meaning, allow the ellipsis of the noun. Furthermore, it is proposed that the Ä-position in which the numerals and (pari of) the adjectives bind the empty noun is the specifier offunctional projections ofNP (cf. Cinque 1993). This explains why (pari ofthe) attributive adjectives, both prenominal and postnominal ones, which are all assumed to be generated in the specifier offunctional projections ofNP, do license the ellipsis ofthe noun, while DPinternal predicative adjectives, such äs adjectives followed by a complement, do not: these are generated äs right-adjunctions to NP. Introduction A curious difference between French on the one hand and, for example, Dutch on the other is that in Dutch (äs well äs in German [see Olsen 1987] and the Scandinavian languages fsee Delsing 1992] all inflected adjectives seern to allow the ellipsis of the noun, whereas in French only part of the adjectives do so. So, while (1) is a correct Dutch sentence, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Probus - International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguistics de Gruyter

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Walter de Gruyter
ISSN
0921-4771
eISSN
1613-4079
DOI
10.1515/prbs.1993.5.3.271
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It is proposed that in French noun ellipsis constructions, the empty noun, pro, is licensed by being operator-bound (Cinque 1990) by a numeral or an adjective with a partitive, that is quantificational, meaning. This explains why onlypart ofthe attributive adjectives, namely the ones with a quantificational meaning, allow the ellipsis of the noun. Furthermore, it is proposed that the Ä-position in which the numerals and (pari of) the adjectives bind the empty noun is the specifier offunctional projections ofNP (cf. Cinque 1993). This explains why (pari ofthe) attributive adjectives, both prenominal and postnominal ones, which are all assumed to be generated in the specifier offunctional projections ofNP, do license the ellipsis ofthe noun, while DPinternal predicative adjectives, such äs adjectives followed by a complement, do not: these are generated äs right-adjunctions to NP. Introduction A curious difference between French on the one hand and, for example, Dutch on the other is that in Dutch (äs well äs in German [see Olsen 1987] and the Scandinavian languages fsee Delsing 1992] all inflected adjectives seern to allow the ellipsis of the noun, whereas in French only part of the adjectives do so. So, while (1) is a correct Dutch sentence,

Journal

Probus - International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguisticsde Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 1993

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