The Linguistic Review l : 369-416 MOVE WH IN A LANGÜAGE WITHOUT WH MOVEMENT* C.T. JAMES HUANG 1. INTRODUCnON 1.1. The study of constraints in grammar has been one of the most persistent topics in generative studies. Among the most important results of this enterprise is a set of locality conditions, including most notably ROSS' Island constraints and Chomsky's Subjacency Condition. These locality conditions are usually defined over certain structural configurations and a rule of movement, deletion or at least some kind of dependency between two structural positions. One type of inquiry that arises from studies ofthese conditions concerns their Status in languages where there is no structural configuration or overt dependency between two structural positions meeting the definition of the various islands and constraints. For example, many languages do not have a WH-word fronting rule in syntax to form a WH question, and some do not move any element for the purpose of subdividing a sentence into focus and presupposition (i.e. of forming a cleft sentence). Since questions and sentences with focus are universal sentence types, it is natural to ask what the proposed structural conditions have to say about these languages. It would seem that since
The Linguistic Review – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1982
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