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Monoverbal Imperative Formation in Hausa: A Striking Case of Analogical Realignment

Journal ofAfrican Languages and Linguistics 4: 133-156 (1982) PHILIP J. JAGGAR INTRODÜCTION Hausa possesses a small class of high tone, vowel-final monosyllabic verbs (henceforth "monoverbs"), most of which terminate in /-i/ ("i-monoverbs"), a few ending in other vowels ("non-i-monoverbs"), and including bi 'follow', ci 'eat',// 'surpass',// 'hear, feel', ki 'refuse',^/ 'do',/fla 'pull', shaa 'drink', and soo 'love, want'.1 For reasons which will become apparent later, these particular items are treated together äs constituting the lexical class of "genuine" monoverbs. The present study seeks to explicate an area of Hausa tonological behavior which has managed to escape formalization to date, namely the description and Interpretation of these monoverbs äs they occur in the imperative mood in the four morphosyntactic environments generally utilized in discussions of Hausa verbal forms (Parsons 1960): (A)__zero;2 (B)_j>ronoun direct object (PDO); (C)__noun direct object (NDO); (D)__indirect object (10). Hausa imperatives are generated by means of a mechanism which maps a distinctive, canonical tonal melody onto the corresponding non-imperative form of the verb, thereby edipsing the lexical tone(s) of the verb, e.g. (non-imperative) taashi -* (imperative) täashi 'Get up!', (non-imp.) kaawoo -» (imp.)faiflwoo 'Bring (it)!'. The principal aim of sec. l of this paper is to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of African Languages and Linguistics de Gruyter

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