Modulation of the Chymotrypsin-Like Activity of the 20S Proteasome by Intracellular Redox Status: Effects of Glutathione Peroxidase-1 Overexpression and Antioxidant Drugs

Modulation of the Chymotrypsin-Like Activity of the 20S Proteasome by Intracellular Redox Status:... Abstract ATP- and ubiquitin-independent proteolysis by the 20S proteasome is responsible for the selective degradation of oxidized proteins. In vitro, the 20S proteasome shows an increased proteolytic activity toward oxidized polypeptides and the suc-LLVY-MCA peptide specific for its chymotrypsinlike activity. We have analyzed the effect of the intracellular redox status on the chymotrypsin-like activity of the 20S proteasome in human T47D cells overexpressing the detoxifiant enzyme seleno-glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1). We report a 30% decreased activity of the chymotrypsin-like activity in cells overexpressing GPx-1. This phenomenon correlated with a 2-fold increase in IκBα half-life, a protein whose basal turnover is 20S proteasome-dependent. Following exposure to H2O2, these cells showed a seleno-dependently decreased accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and 20S proteasome chymotrypsin like activity. Similar results were obtained in HeLa cells transiently overexpressing human GPx-1. Moreover, exposure of HeLa cells to antioxidant compounds reduced the proteasome 20S chymotrypsin like activity. In contrast, no effects were observed when HeLa cell extracts used to determine proteasome activity were incubated with either reduced or oxidized glutathione. These results suggest that GPx-1 activity or proreducing conditions can downregulate basal 20S proteasome activity. Hence, the intracellular redox status, probably through the level of oxidized proteins, is an important element that can either activate or down-regulate the 20S proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity in living cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biological Chemistry de Gruyter

Modulation of the Chymotrypsin-Like Activity of the 20S Proteasome by Intracellular Redox Status: Effects of Glutathione Peroxidase-1 Overexpression and Antioxidant Drugs

Biological Chemistry, Volume 384 (4) – Apr 10, 2003

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by the
ISSN
1431-6730
DOI
10.1515/BC.2003.066
pmid
12751788
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract ATP- and ubiquitin-independent proteolysis by the 20S proteasome is responsible for the selective degradation of oxidized proteins. In vitro, the 20S proteasome shows an increased proteolytic activity toward oxidized polypeptides and the suc-LLVY-MCA peptide specific for its chymotrypsinlike activity. We have analyzed the effect of the intracellular redox status on the chymotrypsin-like activity of the 20S proteasome in human T47D cells overexpressing the detoxifiant enzyme seleno-glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1). We report a 30% decreased activity of the chymotrypsin-like activity in cells overexpressing GPx-1. This phenomenon correlated with a 2-fold increase in IκBα half-life, a protein whose basal turnover is 20S proteasome-dependent. Following exposure to H2O2, these cells showed a seleno-dependently decreased accumulation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and 20S proteasome chymotrypsin like activity. Similar results were obtained in HeLa cells transiently overexpressing human GPx-1. Moreover, exposure of HeLa cells to antioxidant compounds reduced the proteasome 20S chymotrypsin like activity. In contrast, no effects were observed when HeLa cell extracts used to determine proteasome activity were incubated with either reduced or oxidized glutathione. These results suggest that GPx-1 activity or proreducing conditions can downregulate basal 20S proteasome activity. Hence, the intracellular redox status, probably through the level of oxidized proteins, is an important element that can either activate or down-regulate the 20S proteasome chymotrypsin-like activity in living cells.

Journal

Biological Chemistryde Gruyter

Published: Apr 10, 2003

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