Mapping theory, which adds a level of morphosyntactic argument structure to the theory of relational grammar, provides a means for capturing crosslinguistic generalizations heretofore uncharacterizable in "classic" RG. This paper develops a mapping theory treatment of several voice phenomena -- applicatives, antipassives, reflexives, and passives -- with special reference to data from Halkomelem Salish. The mapping analysis is shown to be better than the "classic" RG analysis in several respects. 1. Relational profiles Research in relational grammar has yielded much new and interesting information about morphosyntax in the world's languages. The RG view of universal grammar consists of an elaborated list of possible constructions (e.g. passives, unaccusatives, advancements to object) and combinations thereof (e.g. 3-to-2-to-l advancement), as constrained by universal "laws" (e.g. the stratal uniqueness law).1 Grammars of individual languages detail each construction or combination in terms of the relevant (morpho)syntactic rules of the language (e.g. word order, agreement, relativization). Heretofore, RG has made little attempt to "predict" the array of constructions found in a language and thus has garnered criticism from practitioners of more "explanatory" theories, such as government/ binding.2 However, I show in Gerdts (i.p.) that the constructions available in the grammar of a language are
Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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