In addition to providing practical advice on how a Roman general ought to undertake a military campaign, Onasander's Strategikos explores and advocates for the principles of the Just War (Latin: bellum iustum; Greek: ). Onasander delineates three aspects of the Just War: ius ad bellum (where the reasons for war must be just), ius in bello (actions conducted during hostilities must be just), and ius post bellum (activities concerning the end-phase of the war must be just). Through a close reading of the text, two important facets of Onasander's approach to the Just War come into sharper focus: first, that the general's character plays an important part in ensuring that a war will be fought according to the principles of the Just War, and by extension, a Just War engaged in by a good general has the potential to improve the body politic. Second, Just War is a sagacious policy in that it provides the best chance for ending a war expeditiously. Keywords: Onasander, Just War, Roman warfare, Roman generalship, Roman military manuals DOI 10.1515/jah-2014-0008 "War does not determine who is right only who is left" attributed to Bertrand Russell In ancient Rome the concept of
Journal of Ancient History – de Gruyter
Published: May 31, 2014
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