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Just War in Onasander’s ΣΤΡΑΤΗΓΙΚΟΣ

Just War in Onasander’s ΣΤΡΑΤΗΓΙΚΟΣ In addition to providing practical advice on how a Roman general ought to undertake a military campaign, Onasander's Strategikos explores and advocates for the principles of the Just War (Latin: bellum iustum; Greek: ). Onasander delineates three aspects of the Just War: ius ad bellum (where the reasons for war must be just), ius in bello (actions conducted during hostilities must be just), and ius post bellum (activities concerning the end-phase of the war must be just). Through a close reading of the text, two important facets of Onasander's approach to the Just War come into sharper focus: first, that the general's character plays an important part in ensuring that a war will be fought according to the principles of the Just War, and by extension, a Just War engaged in by a good general has the potential to improve the body politic. Second, Just War is a sagacious policy in that it provides the best chance for ending a war expeditiously. Keywords: Onasander, Just War, Roman warfare, Roman generalship, Roman military manuals DOI 10.1515/jah-2014-0008 "War does not determine who is right ­ only who is left" ­ attributed to Bertrand Russell In ancient Rome the concept of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Ancient History de Gruyter

Just War in Onasander’s ΣΤΡΑΤΗΓΙΚΟΣ

Journal of Ancient History , Volume 2 (1) – May 31, 2014

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by the
ISSN
2324-8106
eISSN
2324-8114
DOI
10.1515/jah-2014-0008
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In addition to providing practical advice on how a Roman general ought to undertake a military campaign, Onasander's Strategikos explores and advocates for the principles of the Just War (Latin: bellum iustum; Greek: ). Onasander delineates three aspects of the Just War: ius ad bellum (where the reasons for war must be just), ius in bello (actions conducted during hostilities must be just), and ius post bellum (activities concerning the end-phase of the war must be just). Through a close reading of the text, two important facets of Onasander's approach to the Just War come into sharper focus: first, that the general's character plays an important part in ensuring that a war will be fought according to the principles of the Just War, and by extension, a Just War engaged in by a good general has the potential to improve the body politic. Second, Just War is a sagacious policy in that it provides the best chance for ending a war expeditiously. Keywords: Onasander, Just War, Roman warfare, Roman generalship, Roman military manuals DOI 10.1515/jah-2014-0008 "War does not determine who is right ­ only who is left" ­ attributed to Bertrand Russell In ancient Rome the concept of

Journal

Journal of Ancient Historyde Gruyter

Published: May 31, 2014

References