AbstractFor the optimal operation of power-intensive plants, a challenge which is addressed in this work is to simultaneously determine the optimal production schedule and the optimal day-ahead electricity commitment. In order to ensure stability of the power grid, the electricity suppliers impose a daily electricity commitment to large consumers. The consumers have to commit one day in advance to the amount of energy they are going to purchase and use for a horizon of 24 hours (with an hourly discretization) and in case the actual electricity consumption differs significantly from the committed profile, the consumer is obliged to pay penalties. Since the consumers have to commit to the electricity suppliers before the actual electricity demand is known, uncertainty needs to be taken into account. A stochastic mixed-integer linear programming model is developed to consider two critical sources of uncertainty: equipment breakdowns and deviation prices. Equipment breakdowns can reduce the production capacity and make the actual electricity consumption deviate from the day-ahead electricity commitment. The application of the proposed approach to a continuous power-intensive plant shows the benefit gained from the solution of the stochastic model instead of the deterministic counterpart in terms of reduction of the cost of the energy.
at - Automatisierungstechnik – de Gruyter
Published: Nov 27, 2018