Papers in JapaneseVol. 51976-77LinguisticsINCORPORATION AND SINO-JAPANESE VERBS*Taro KageyamaOsakaUniversity1. INTRODUCTIONA major feature of the Japanese vocabulary is found in the large setof compound verbs (e.g. kenkyuu-su- 'to study') consisting of SLnoJapanese nouns (e. g. kenkyuu 'study') and su- 'do'. These compoundverbs shall be referred to as 'S-J- verbs', and their stem nouns as'verbal nouns' (VNs)(Martin 1975). The purpose of this paper is to consider how to derive such verb compounds.At least four possible analyses suggest themselves which could beconveniently divided into two groups, depending on whether sentencepairs like (la) and (lb), which are considered synonymous, are relatedtransformationally.(1) a. Ozllsan wa mai-asa undoo-suru'My grandfather exercises every morning'b. Oziisan wa mai-asa undoo o suru'My grandfather takes exercise every morning'In (lb) the VN undoo 'exercise', which appears as part of the S-J verbundoo-su- 'to exercise' in (la), is realized as the object of the verbsu-. If the synonymy of these two sentences is to be accounted for by117118deriving them from a single underlying structure (call this 'the T r a n s formationalist Approach'), there will be two alternatives:(2)Transformationalist ApproachI.Incorporation AnalysisThe lexicon specifies VNs as nouns and s u - as a verb.Syntactically, VNs originate as arguments of su 'to do'.II.Extraction Analysis (cf.
Journal of Japanese Linguistics – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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