HLA-class I antigens in patients with unexplained recurrent abortion

HLA-class I antigens in patients with unexplained recurrent abortion In order to clarify the genetic background of recurrent spontaneous abortion, the frequency of HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles was analyzed in eighty-nine patients with a history of unexplained primary recurrent abortion. The frequency of each HLA-A, -B, and -C antigen allele was calculated in patients with recurrent abortion and their husbands, and compared with the frequencies in the general population represented by 207 individuals in the Niigata district of Japan. The incidence of individuals homozygous for the HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles was also compared between the patient group and the control group. The frequency of HLA-B35 in the patient group (5 of 89, 5.6 %) was significantly lower than in the general population (40 of 207, 19.3 %) (Odds Ratio, 0.25; 95 % Confidence Interval, 0.0920.65; P < 0.005; Pc, not significant). The fre- quencies of other HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles were not significantly different between the patient group and the general population. No significant difference in the frequency of HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles was observed between the husband group and the general population. The incidence of individuals homozygous for HLA-A, -B, or -C alleles in the patient group was not significantly different from the general population. The significantly lower frequency of HLA-B35 in patients with unexplained recurrent abortion suggests that the Th2- associated immune reactions may be lacking in such patients, as it has been reported that an enhanced Th2 response in conjunction with a decreased T Th1 response is a common immune reaction in HLA-B35-positive individuals. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Perinatal Medicine de Gruyter

Loading next page...
 
/lp/de-gruyter/hla-class-i-antigens-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-abortion-VTwjnS0lLl
Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG
ISSN
0300-5577
DOI
10.1515/JPM.2001.059
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In order to clarify the genetic background of recurrent spontaneous abortion, the frequency of HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles was analyzed in eighty-nine patients with a history of unexplained primary recurrent abortion. The frequency of each HLA-A, -B, and -C antigen allele was calculated in patients with recurrent abortion and their husbands, and compared with the frequencies in the general population represented by 207 individuals in the Niigata district of Japan. The incidence of individuals homozygous for the HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles was also compared between the patient group and the control group. The frequency of HLA-B35 in the patient group (5 of 89, 5.6 %) was significantly lower than in the general population (40 of 207, 19.3 %) (Odds Ratio, 0.25; 95 % Confidence Interval, 0.0920.65; P < 0.005; Pc, not significant). The fre- quencies of other HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles were not significantly different between the patient group and the general population. No significant difference in the frequency of HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles was observed between the husband group and the general population. The incidence of individuals homozygous for HLA-A, -B, or -C alleles in the patient group was not significantly different from the general population. The significantly lower frequency of HLA-B35 in patients with unexplained recurrent abortion suggests that the Th2- associated immune reactions may be lacking in such patients, as it has been reported that an enhanced Th2 response in conjunction with a decreased T Th1 response is a common immune reaction in HLA-B35-positive individuals.

Journal

Journal of Perinatal Medicinede Gruyter

Published: Nov 2, 2001

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off