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Highly Cr(vi)-tolerant Staphylococcus simulans assisting chromate evacuation from tannery effluent

Highly Cr(vi)-tolerant Staphylococcus simulans assisting chromate evacuation from tannery effluent AbstractChromium(vi) contaminated sites have been targeted for studying highly chromate-resistant bacteria. From a total of 23 Cr(vi)-resistant bacteria isolated on Luria-Bertani agar medium supplemented with K2CrO4 (1,500 μg/mL), only one strain UT8 (Staphylococcus simulans) was able to tolerate high concentration of chromate, i.e., up to 200 mg/mL in agar medium from tannery effluent. In acetate minimal medium (AMM), it showed maximum tolerance of up to 2,500 μg/mL. Cr(vi) removal potential was 94.6% after 24 h (K2CrO4 1,500 μg/mL). Parametric conditions were optimized in AMM to attain maximum chromate removal. Exopolysaccharides extracted from bacterial cells exposed to chromate exhibited major absorption shifts from 2,500 to 500 cm−1 revealed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Energy-disperse X-ray spectroscopy further confirmed the adsorption of oxyanions to the bacterial cells. Surface topography of the Cr(vi) treated cells showed transformation into concave shape by scanning electron microscopy. The presence of resistance genes, i.e., chromate reductase (chrR) and class I integrase (intI1), further confirmed tolerance toward chromate. Microarray data analysis of transcriptional gene expression suggested upregulation of cys gene cluster under chromate exposure. Concisely, the present investigations revealed the potential of S. simulans to be an effective candidate for chromate reclamation of wastewater. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Green Processing and Synthesis de Gruyter

Highly Cr(vi)-tolerant Staphylococcus simulans assisting chromate evacuation from tannery effluent

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2021 Asma Kalsoom et al., published by De Gruyter
ISSN
2191-9550
eISSN
2191-9550
DOI
10.1515/gps-2021-0027
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractChromium(vi) contaminated sites have been targeted for studying highly chromate-resistant bacteria. From a total of 23 Cr(vi)-resistant bacteria isolated on Luria-Bertani agar medium supplemented with K2CrO4 (1,500 μg/mL), only one strain UT8 (Staphylococcus simulans) was able to tolerate high concentration of chromate, i.e., up to 200 mg/mL in agar medium from tannery effluent. In acetate minimal medium (AMM), it showed maximum tolerance of up to 2,500 μg/mL. Cr(vi) removal potential was 94.6% after 24 h (K2CrO4 1,500 μg/mL). Parametric conditions were optimized in AMM to attain maximum chromate removal. Exopolysaccharides extracted from bacterial cells exposed to chromate exhibited major absorption shifts from 2,500 to 500 cm−1 revealed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Energy-disperse X-ray spectroscopy further confirmed the adsorption of oxyanions to the bacterial cells. Surface topography of the Cr(vi) treated cells showed transformation into concave shape by scanning electron microscopy. The presence of resistance genes, i.e., chromate reductase (chrR) and class I integrase (intI1), further confirmed tolerance toward chromate. Microarray data analysis of transcriptional gene expression suggested upregulation of cys gene cluster under chromate exposure. Concisely, the present investigations revealed the potential of S. simulans to be an effective candidate for chromate reclamation of wastewater.

Journal

Green Processing and Synthesisde Gruyter

Published: May 5, 2021

Keywords: chromium resistance; tannery effluent; scanning electron microscopy; heavy metals; environmental contamination

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