Male andfemale undergraduates judged a randomized sequence ofhumorousjokes and Cartoons representing three humor types: sexual, hostile, and nonsense. Within sexual and hostile humor, the disparagement ofmales and females was balanced. Male subjects rated sexual humor funnier than did females; there was a parallel tendency for hostile humor. No gender difference was foundfor the enjoyment of nonsense humor. Male subjects enjoyed hostile humor more when females were victimized than when males were victimized. Contrary to earlier research findings, female subjects showed a reversed tendency: they enjoyed hostile humor more when males were victimized than when females were victimized. The present findings were considered consistent with predictions from the disposition theory of humor (Zillmann 1983). Unexpectedly, gender-specific enjoyment was found for jokes and Cartoons: while there was no appreciable difference for jokes, males enjoyed cartoons more than did females. Gender differences in humor appreciation have long been discussed by scholars such äs Freud (1982 ), and in recent decades some empirical evidence regarding such speculations has been gathered. Gender differences seem to be related to types of humor: sexual and hostile, which are both tendentious, according to Freud. Within these humor types the gender of the person who is victimized
HUMOR – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1988
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