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Exotische Schaustellungen im Wiener Vormärz

Exotische Schaustellungen im Wiener Vormärz Exotische Schaustellungen im Wiener Vormärz Zwischen Voyeurismus und früher Rassentheorie Von Walter Sauer A b s t r a c t : Exhibiting non-European humans in early 19th century Vienna: Between Voyeurism and early race theories Putting people of non-European descent commercially on public display was a standard practice throughout the 19th century. This study concentrates on a distinct period of Austrian history in the first half of this epoque ­ the Vormärz ­ and on the capital city, Vienna. In researching ten different human exhibitions, it turns out that typical elements of the later ,,Völkerschauen" were nascent already in that early phase. Furthermore, an impact of censorship on presentations and representations of ,,exotic" persons has to be considered. Thirdly it is argued that in commenting on these exhibitions, natural science played a big role in articulating cultural prejudices and shaping them systematically into pre-Darwin theories of race. Keywords: Gaze; human exhibitions; Freak Show; media; anthropology; censorship; colonialism; racism; South Africa; Australia; New Zealand; Angola; Brazil; Canada; North America; Greenland; Ghana; Papua; India; Antigua; Austria; Vienna Schlagwörter: Schaulust; Schaustellungen; Freak Show; Medien; Anthropologie; Zensur; Kolonialismus; Rasse; Südafrika; Australien; Neuseeland; Angola; Brasilien; Kanada; Nordamerika; Grönland; Ghana; Papua; Indien; Antigua; http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung de Gruyter

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by the
ISSN
0073-8484
eISSN
2307-2903
DOI
10.7767/miog-2016-0205
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Exotische Schaustellungen im Wiener Vormärz Zwischen Voyeurismus und früher Rassentheorie Von Walter Sauer A b s t r a c t : Exhibiting non-European humans in early 19th century Vienna: Between Voyeurism and early race theories Putting people of non-European descent commercially on public display was a standard practice throughout the 19th century. This study concentrates on a distinct period of Austrian history in the first half of this epoque ­ the Vormärz ­ and on the capital city, Vienna. In researching ten different human exhibitions, it turns out that typical elements of the later ,,Völkerschauen" were nascent already in that early phase. Furthermore, an impact of censorship on presentations and representations of ,,exotic" persons has to be considered. Thirdly it is argued that in commenting on these exhibitions, natural science played a big role in articulating cultural prejudices and shaping them systematically into pre-Darwin theories of race. Keywords: Gaze; human exhibitions; Freak Show; media; anthropology; censorship; colonialism; racism; South Africa; Australia; New Zealand; Angola; Brazil; Canada; North America; Greenland; Ghana; Papua; India; Antigua; Austria; Vienna Schlagwörter: Schaulust; Schaustellungen; Freak Show; Medien; Anthropologie; Zensur; Kolonialismus; Rasse; Südafrika; Australien; Neuseeland; Angola; Brasilien; Kanada; Nordamerika; Grönland; Ghana; Papua; Indien; Antigua;

Journal

Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschungde Gruyter

Published: Nov 1, 2016

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