Annikki Kaivola-Bregenhoj, Helsinki Dreams äs Folklore* Folkloristic research into populär dream narration and Interpretation is a very recent phenomenon1. From the folklorist's point of view dreams are part of the cultural heritage surrounding human intercourse and are transmitted during direct interaction and through dream books2. Dream narration and Interpretation bear many of the characteristics of Folklore: dreams are part of the personal experience narrative tradition and contain both idiosyncratic Symbols, and Symbols that are culture-bound, anonymous in origin, highly stereotyped and passed on from one person to another. The models available for dreams demanding an Interpretation are, furthermore, both individual and part of the collective tradition. Dreams have so far been studied äs communal elements of culture chiefly by the anthropologists3, but dreams and their narration are also an interesting field for the folklore researcher. The individual and the collective tradition Attitudes to dreams and the significance attached to them vary considerably from one culture to another. We may roughly speak of three main categories according to the value placed on dream and waking reality. The first category consists of cultures in which dreams are given a greater reality value than the waking state. An example are the
Fabula – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1993
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