The Chinese version of the Beck Depression Inventory (C-BDI) was administered to 2,150 Chinese secondary school students. The results showed that both the mean total score and the proportion of students who could be classified as severely depressed in this Chinese adolescent sample were higher than previous Western studies. Significant sex differences in depressive symptoms on some of the items and the total score were also found. While the age as well as sex-specific norms were presented, the data are discussed in the context of previous studies examining depressive responses in adolescents. * # * Empirical studies of depression in adolescence are important for three obvious reasons. First, data raising from such studies might enable social scientists to construct and test theoretical models on adolescent depression. This point is particularly salient when it is realized that most of the current models on depression are based on adult patients and they have been primarily constructed to explain adult depression (Simons & Miller, 1987; Teri, 1982). 1 Certainly, it is legitimate to ask whether models on adult depression could appropriately be used to understand adolescent depression. Secondly, data on adolescent depression would also give some insights into the amount of
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1991
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