DEEP AND SURFACE STRUCTURE OF THE LONGUDA CLAUSE

DEEP AND SURFACE STRUCTURE OF THE LONGUDA CLAUSE Linguistics 171, pp. 35-68. ©Mouton Publishers, 1976. BONNIE NEWMAN 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to describe the Longuda* clause in terms of both surface structure and deep structure. The description begins with the surface verb root as central. Clause types are divided on the basis of different case frames which are inherent to each verb class. The surface structure relations of the nuclear constituents of the case frame are labelled subject and complement.2 The complement can be further subdivided into direct object, indirect object, and predicate attribute. The basic surface structure order is indicated in the following tagmemic formula: 4·Subject: Noun Phrase + Predicate: Verb Phrase ± Complement 1: Noun Phrase ± Complement 2: Noun phrase Deep structure functions are agent, patient, range, experiencer, non-instigative cause, attribuant, attribute, identity, source or goal, beneficiary, instrument and quote. Clauses are further subdivided on the basis of 1) the set of optional roles chosen from benefactive, accompaniment, instrument and reciprocal which are inherent to each verb; 2) the transform potential of the basic clause type; 3) the transform potential to change the mode; and 4) the potential of the clause to function in an embedded relation. 1.1 Benefits http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences de Gruyter

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Walter de Gruyter
ISSN
0024-3949
eISSN
1613-396X
DOI
10.1515/ling.1976.14.171.35
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Linguistics 171, pp. 35-68. ©Mouton Publishers, 1976. BONNIE NEWMAN 1. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to describe the Longuda* clause in terms of both surface structure and deep structure. The description begins with the surface verb root as central. Clause types are divided on the basis of different case frames which are inherent to each verb class. The surface structure relations of the nuclear constituents of the case frame are labelled subject and complement.2 The complement can be further subdivided into direct object, indirect object, and predicate attribute. The basic surface structure order is indicated in the following tagmemic formula: 4·Subject: Noun Phrase + Predicate: Verb Phrase ± Complement 1: Noun Phrase ± Complement 2: Noun phrase Deep structure functions are agent, patient, range, experiencer, non-instigative cause, attribuant, attribute, identity, source or goal, beneficiary, instrument and quote. Clauses are further subdivided on the basis of 1) the set of optional roles chosen from benefactive, accompaniment, instrument and reciprocal which are inherent to each verb; 2) the transform potential of the basic clause type; 3) the transform potential to change the mode; and 4) the potential of the clause to function in an embedded relation. 1.1 Benefits

Journal

Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciencesde Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 1976

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