Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Datura stramonium abrogates depression- and anxiety-like disorders in mice: possible involvement of monoaminergic pathways in its antidepressant activity

Datura stramonium abrogates depression- and anxiety-like disorders in mice: possible involvement... AbstractObjectivesEthno-botanical surveys uncovered the use of Datura stramonium in the management of mental health abnormalities. Antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activities of hydroethanol leaf extract of D. stramonium (HLDS) in mice and its possible mechanism of action were investigated in this study.MethodsThe hole-board test (HBT), open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze test (EPMT), and social interaction test (SIT) were used to investigate the anxiolytic-like activity while forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) were employed for the antidepressant effect. Mice were pre-treated orally with purified water (10 mL/kg), bromazepam (1 mg/kg), fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) and D. stramonium (25, 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg). One hour post-treatment, mice were subjected to the various tests.ResultsIn HBT, D. stramonium increased the head dips and sectional crossings turnover. D. stramonium increased the number of square crossed and rearings/assisted rearings in OFT. DS increased the time spent in open arms of EPM. In SIT, D. stramonium increased the frequency/duration of interactions. In FST and TST, D. stramonium decreased the duration of immobility which were reversed by doxazosin (α1 adrenoceptor antagonist) and ondasentron (5-HT3 receptor antagonist).ConclusionsHLDS has anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like activities through modulation of serotoninergic and adrenergic neurotransmissions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy de Gruyter

Datura stramonium abrogates depression- and anxiety-like disorders in mice: possible involvement of monoaminergic pathways in its antidepressant activity

Loading next page...
 
/lp/de-gruyter/datura-stramonium-abrogates-depression-and-anxiety-like-disorders-in-68F8jpKEoU
Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston
eISSN
2363-8915
DOI
10.1515/dmpt-2021-0166
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractObjectivesEthno-botanical surveys uncovered the use of Datura stramonium in the management of mental health abnormalities. Antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like activities of hydroethanol leaf extract of D. stramonium (HLDS) in mice and its possible mechanism of action were investigated in this study.MethodsThe hole-board test (HBT), open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze test (EPMT), and social interaction test (SIT) were used to investigate the anxiolytic-like activity while forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) were employed for the antidepressant effect. Mice were pre-treated orally with purified water (10 mL/kg), bromazepam (1 mg/kg), fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) and D. stramonium (25, 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg). One hour post-treatment, mice were subjected to the various tests.ResultsIn HBT, D. stramonium increased the head dips and sectional crossings turnover. D. stramonium increased the number of square crossed and rearings/assisted rearings in OFT. DS increased the time spent in open arms of EPM. In SIT, D. stramonium increased the frequency/duration of interactions. In FST and TST, D. stramonium decreased the duration of immobility which were reversed by doxazosin (α1 adrenoceptor antagonist) and ondasentron (5-HT3 receptor antagonist).ConclusionsHLDS has anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like activities through modulation of serotoninergic and adrenergic neurotransmissions.

Journal

Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapyde Gruyter

Published: Sep 1, 2022

Keywords: antidepressant; anxiolytic; Datura stramonium; serotoninergic and adrenergic systems

There are no references for this article.