Clitic-second in European Portuguese

Clitic-second in European Portuguese The conditions which determine the alternation between proclisis and enclisis in European Portuguese appear atfirst sight to be entirely differentfrom thosefound in other Romanee languages such äs Spanish andltalian. In thispaper I argue that these differences can be explained by assuming that clitic movement in European Portuguese targets a higher functional head, namely the C-node. Building on Kayne (1991), l propose a theory of clitic placement which derives enclisis from movement ofthe clitic into an empty C (assumed to be a non-operator position), followed by left-adjunction of the verbal complex to the clitic. Proclisis, on the other hand, is assumed to resultfrom left-adjunction ofthe clitic to the functional head to which the verbal complex has raised. Proclisis is hence taken to have lastresort Status, äs it is only found in clauses where no empty functional head is available for clitic movement, or where such a movement is blocked. The paper concludes by showing how this analysis derives the whole ränge of clitic-second ejfectsfound in European Portuguese. 1. Introduction The purpose of this paper i s to consider the facts of pronominal clitic placement in European Portuguese and show how an analysis along the lines of Kayne I would http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Probus - International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguistics de Gruyter

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Walter de Gruyter
ISSN
0921-4771
eISSN
1613-4079
DOI
10.1515/prbs.1993.5.1-2.155
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The conditions which determine the alternation between proclisis and enclisis in European Portuguese appear atfirst sight to be entirely differentfrom thosefound in other Romanee languages such äs Spanish andltalian. In thispaper I argue that these differences can be explained by assuming that clitic movement in European Portuguese targets a higher functional head, namely the C-node. Building on Kayne (1991), l propose a theory of clitic placement which derives enclisis from movement ofthe clitic into an empty C (assumed to be a non-operator position), followed by left-adjunction of the verbal complex to the clitic. Proclisis, on the other hand, is assumed to resultfrom left-adjunction ofthe clitic to the functional head to which the verbal complex has raised. Proclisis is hence taken to have lastresort Status, äs it is only found in clauses where no empty functional head is available for clitic movement, or where such a movement is blocked. The paper concludes by showing how this analysis derives the whole ränge of clitic-second ejfectsfound in European Portuguese. 1. Introduction The purpose of this paper i s to consider the facts of pronominal clitic placement in European Portuguese and show how an analysis along the lines of Kayne I would

Journal

Probus - International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguisticsde Gruyter

Published: Jan 1, 1993

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