REVIEWS ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH VOLUME 15, NO. 4, 2000 Ranulfo Lemus 11 and Assaf Abdelghani 2 University of Pittsburgh, Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Environmental & Occupational Health, 260 Kappa Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15238; 2Tulane University, School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA. SUMMARY Chlorpyrifos is an extensively used organophosphate insecticide having many urban and agricultural crop pest control uses. Studies conducted in indoor environments after termiticide, crack-and-crevice, broadcast, or fogger applications have shown that chlorpyrifos exposure can occur via inhalation of residual air concentrations, dermal or oral exposure from residues on floors and carpets, children toys, food, and dust. Not long ago the weight of scientific evidence supported safe indoor use, but recent studies support the possibility that when pregnant female rats are given the pesticide, chlorpyrifos causes brain damage in fetal rats. Moreover, the exposure of young rats to chlorpyrifos impairs early nervous system development. After finding that chlorpyrifos is an exposure risk especially to children, in June 2000 the United States Environmental Protection Agency and manufacturers agreed to voluntary measures that will reduce the exposure of children to chlorpyrifos-containing products. This action implies
Reviews on Environmental Health – de Gruyter
Published: Oct 1, 2000
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