Introduction Learning behaviour is attributed to an adaptive strategy to cope with changed living conditions. Since a prerequisite of adaption is the disturbance and the interference in a given context (specific environmental information) the environmental circumstances which induce learning behaviour may be often stressful. The context is thought to be reflected by the functional state of neuronal sets (modules). They induce physiological response (including a certain behaviour) to coordinate the environmental demands with physiological functions. An appropriate coordination has to be considered the actual peripheral state. It corresponds with a given signalling from the endocrine system. Binding of the hormonal signals by neuronal receptors may alter the neuronal transmission in the modules which are shared in adaptive decisions. Thus, a receptor pattern inadequate to cope stressful environmental change may be related to inappropriate adaptive decisions. However, its flexibility enables that behavioural exercise (supposed to be acting on receptor pattern) may alleviate or prevent such disorders. A growing bulk of evidence exists that shows that in a variety of stressful situations evident in an environmental change activation of the endogenous opioid system and alteration of neurotransmitter pattern occur and produce a number of different responses. Thus, because learning may
Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler – de Gruyter
Published: Aug 1, 1995
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