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Agriculture in Sasanian Persis: ideology and practice

Agriculture in Sasanian Persis: ideology and practice Data for the political economy in the highlands of Sasanian Persis1 is relatively limited, leading researchers to suggest that agricultural development and the level of urbanism in the region was limited. This article will present new survey data for settlements and agriculture in the Kur River Basin, the largest internal basin in the southern Zagros. It will also discuss the implications of this data for understanding Sasanian agricultural practices, the growing industrialization of the agricultural economy, the implications for social organization, and potential reasons why Sasanian agriculture was organized using weirs, rather than reservoir dams. Keywords: agriculture, canal networks, milling, ancient Persia, Sasanian political economy, Anahid DOI 10.1515/jah-2014-0028 The study of the Sasanian economy in Iran, in many cases, lacks the requisite archaeological data. This situation is especially true in modern Fars, the homeland of the Sasanian dynasty (224­641 CE), where systematic settlement data in many regions is unavailable. Whilst previous studies highlighted the urban nature of northern Fars during the early Islamic centuries, hereafter referred to as the Islamic 1 period (c. 750­1150 CE), the aggregate level of Sasanian settlement and the productivity of the associated agricultural economy appeared relatively weak.2 This article will introduce new archaeological http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Ancient History de Gruyter

Agriculture in Sasanian Persis: ideology and practice

Journal of Ancient History , Volume 2 (2) – Nov 1, 2014

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Publisher
de Gruyter
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 by the
ISSN
2324-8106
eISSN
2324-8114
DOI
10.1515/jah-2014-0028
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Data for the political economy in the highlands of Sasanian Persis1 is relatively limited, leading researchers to suggest that agricultural development and the level of urbanism in the region was limited. This article will present new survey data for settlements and agriculture in the Kur River Basin, the largest internal basin in the southern Zagros. It will also discuss the implications of this data for understanding Sasanian agricultural practices, the growing industrialization of the agricultural economy, the implications for social organization, and potential reasons why Sasanian agriculture was organized using weirs, rather than reservoir dams. Keywords: agriculture, canal networks, milling, ancient Persia, Sasanian political economy, Anahid DOI 10.1515/jah-2014-0028 The study of the Sasanian economy in Iran, in many cases, lacks the requisite archaeological data. This situation is especially true in modern Fars, the homeland of the Sasanian dynasty (224­641 CE), where systematic settlement data in many regions is unavailable. Whilst previous studies highlighted the urban nature of northern Fars during the early Islamic centuries, hereafter referred to as the Islamic 1 period (c. 750­1150 CE), the aggregate level of Sasanian settlement and the productivity of the associated agricultural economy appeared relatively weak.2 This article will introduce new archaeological

Journal

Journal of Ancient Historyde Gruyter

Published: Nov 1, 2014

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