GERMAN DE GRANDA The monogenetic theory of the origin of European-based pidgins and Creoles rests upon a thesis which carries the chain of development back to Sabir, the Lingua Franca of the Mediterranean, in the Middle Ages and later. The most important link was Pidgin Portuguese, whose speakers were the most important in the early slave trade and in general European maritime expansion. Italian - especially Genoese - merchants and seamen, the earliest users of Sabir, were in especially close contact with Portuguese merchants and sailors throughout the fifteenth century. The multilingual situation and the compact socio-economic unit constituted by whites on the Atlantic coast of Africa in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries provide an explanation of the transmission. In the field of study of Atlantic Creole languages (one of the fields which has aroused, at present, the greatest amount of interest among specialists because of the breadth and complexity of the problems it poses), there stands out as an especially controversial question the one relating to the genesis and formation of these linguistic phenomena. Regarding the theoretical contents of this concept, see de Granda (forthcoming). In my own approach (unlike other treatments such as those of Ian
Linguistics - An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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