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A Novel Type of Pathogen Defense-Related Cinnamyl Alcohol Dehydrogenase

Introduction The pathways generating the precursor molecules for lignification and for the incorporation of Mignin-like material' or other phenolics into cell walls are among the major branches of phenylpropanoid metabolism in higher plants. While lignification is more or less tightly associated with the formation of structural support elements and conductive tissues during development, the function of the various other wall-bound, phenylpropanoid-derived coma Results A partial ELI3 cDNA (Somssich ef a/., 1989) was used to screen a -ZAP cDNA library generated from parsley cells that had been enriched for elicitor-induced mRNAs (Korfhage ef a/., 1994). Of numerous clones that were initially obtained, 9 were selected on the basis of large insert sizes and were further analyzed. They all varied somewhat in length at the 5' end but were otherwise identical in sequence with one another as well as with the original ELI3 cDNA (Kiedrowski ef a/., 1992). The nucleotide and de- Present address: QIAGEN GmbH, Max-Volmer-Str. 3, D-40274 Hilden, Germany E. Logemann ei a/. duced amino acid sequences are shown in Figure 1. Several structural characteristics indicated that the ELI3 protein was an alcohol dehydrogenase, and high overall sequence similarities with a mannitol dehydrogenase from celery (Williamson ef a/., http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biological Chemistry de Gruyter
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