Papers in Japanese LinguisticsVol. 51976-77A COUNTER TO COUNTER EQUIKenneth L. HaleM.I.T.andChlsato KltagawaUniversity of Arizona1. INTRODUCTIONOur objective In this short essay is to present a critique of the•Counter Equi NP Deletion' analysis of sentences with a tokoro complement proposed by Harada 1973. Our claim, briefly, is that there needsto be nothing more than the ordinary provisions for pronomlnaiizaiion,plus the 'Double-^ Constraint' (to be discussed below), applying in thederivation of these sentences.2. HARADA'S PROPOSAL.A rule roughly of the following form was proposed by Kuroda(cf. 1965a:37) and Inoue (1969:49), and recently defended by Shibatani(1973:343-344).(1) . . . - NPj + o - NP2 + o . . . — > . . . - NPj + nJ_- NP2 + o . . .This rule, to which we will refer by Kuroda's term 'o-Adjustment1,is designed to account for a sentence like 2c below, which may beassumed to be derived from 2a; without a rule like o-Adjustment, theapplication of usual case marking rules, such as specified in Kuroda1965b:192,1 in conjunction with normal Equi NP Deletion, will derivethe ill-formed 2b.4142(2) a.Taroo Ziroo [ Ziroo sakana tabe]fisheatbsase-ta.cause PASTb.Taroo ga Ziroo o sakana o tabe-sase-ta.c.Taroo ga Ziroo ni sakana o tabe-sase-ta.'Taro made Jiro eat fish.'It is partly
Journal of Japanese Linguistics – de Gruyter
Published: Jan 1, 1976
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