Equine laminitis is the painful condition resulting from disruption of the laminar bonds within the foot. Understanding the dietary triggers may facilitate strategies to prevent laminitis in susceptible animals. The purpose of this review is to examine how dietary factors may lead to insulin resistance and/or excessive insulin production from the pancreas, and why certain breeds or types of horses are more predisposed to this form of laminitis than others. Understanding these relationships will be very important when considering appropriate feeds and the dietary countermeasures necessary for preventing this condition. It is important to note the breed type when considering the likely metabolic effects of dietary carbohydrate, because there are major differences between the Thoroughbred/Standardbred type and some other breeds of horses and ponies. Ponies and certain breeds of horses produce excessive amounts of insulin in response to dietary carbohydrates and this may lead to the development of the three main features of the equine metabolic syndrome, namely obesity, insulin resistance and laminitis. Relative glycaemic index or glycaemic load may be useful in predicting peak plasma insulin (with due consideration for breed type), but carbohydrates such as starch and fructans may have particularly marked effects on insulin sensitivity. Although it is normal for ponies and certain horse breeds to be relatively insulin resistant, it may be possible to reduce the likelihood of exacerbating insulin resistance in obese animals with careful dietary modification. This may help to some extent in reducing hyperinsulinaemia and thereby reducing the risk of laminitis.
Animal Production Science – CSIRO Publishing
Published: Sep 17, 2013
Keywords: body condition score, equine, founder, nutrition, sugar.
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera