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Dietary habits and food intake frequency of preschool children

Dietary habits and food intake frequency of preschool children <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Purpose</jats:title> <jats:p>The study aims to assess the dietary habits and frequency of food intake by preschool-aged children in Kosovo.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Design/methodology/approach</jats:title> <jats:p>The study is based on a survey of meal patterning and frequency of food group intake, using a combined <jats:italic>24-hour recall</jats:italic> and <jats:italic>Dietary history</jats:italic> questionnaires. The assessment took place in different towns of Kosovo. Parents completed 232 questionnaires with data on dietary habits and food frequency intake of their children. Intake frequencies were computed and included in the analyses.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Findings</jats:title> <jats:p>Dietary habits and frequency of food intake for specific foods (the main typical foods from the food groups) did not show significant differences (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &gt; 0.05) between age groups, except in terms of milk consumption (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.05) and soft drinks intake (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.001). It was found that the consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as other high-fiber foods is very limited.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Research limitations</jats:title> <jats:p>Despite the limitation in terms of sample, the results can be used by Kosovo’s authorities as an indication for an assessment of child’s development patterns in the country.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Originality/value</jats:title> <jats:p>This assessment reports for the first time the dietary habits and frequency of food intake by preschool-aged children in Kosovo. The dietary pattern was shown to be low in wholegrain products and fruits and vegetables, and high in soft drinks and sweet and salty foods. Health and education authorities should develop national programs and dietary guidelines on recommended dietary intakes.</jats:p> </jats:sec> http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nutrition & Food Science CrossRef

Dietary habits and food intake frequency of preschool children

Nutrition & Food Science , Volume 47 (4): 534-542 – Jul 10, 2017

Dietary habits and food intake frequency of preschool children


Abstract

<jats:sec>
<jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Purpose</jats:title>
<jats:p>The study aims to assess the dietary habits and frequency of food intake by preschool-aged children in Kosovo.</jats:p>
</jats:sec>
<jats:sec>
<jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Design/methodology/approach</jats:title>
<jats:p>The study is based on a survey of meal patterning and frequency of food group intake, using a combined <jats:italic>24-hour recall</jats:italic> and <jats:italic>Dietary history</jats:italic> questionnaires. The assessment took place in different towns of Kosovo. Parents completed 232 questionnaires with data on dietary habits and food frequency intake of their children. Intake frequencies were computed and included in the analyses.</jats:p>
</jats:sec>
<jats:sec>
<jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Findings</jats:title>
<jats:p>Dietary habits and frequency of food intake for specific foods (the main typical foods from the food groups) did not show significant differences (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &gt; 0.05) between age groups, except in terms of milk consumption (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.05) and soft drinks intake (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.001). It was found that the consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as other high-fiber foods is very limited.</jats:p>
</jats:sec>
<jats:sec>
<jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Research limitations</jats:title>
<jats:p>Despite the limitation in terms of sample, the results can be used by Kosovo’s authorities as an indication for an assessment of child’s development patterns in the country.</jats:p>
</jats:sec>
<jats:sec>
<jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Originality/value</jats:title>
<jats:p>This assessment reports for the first time the dietary habits and frequency of food intake by preschool-aged children in Kosovo. The dietary pattern was shown to be low in wholegrain products and fruits and vegetables, and high in soft drinks and sweet and salty foods. Health and education authorities should develop national programs and dietary guidelines on recommended dietary intakes.</jats:p>
</jats:sec>

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Publisher
CrossRef
ISSN
0034-6659
DOI
10.1108/nfs-01-2017-0004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

<jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Purpose</jats:title> <jats:p>The study aims to assess the dietary habits and frequency of food intake by preschool-aged children in Kosovo.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Design/methodology/approach</jats:title> <jats:p>The study is based on a survey of meal patterning and frequency of food group intake, using a combined <jats:italic>24-hour recall</jats:italic> and <jats:italic>Dietary history</jats:italic> questionnaires. The assessment took place in different towns of Kosovo. Parents completed 232 questionnaires with data on dietary habits and food frequency intake of their children. Intake frequencies were computed and included in the analyses.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Findings</jats:title> <jats:p>Dietary habits and frequency of food intake for specific foods (the main typical foods from the food groups) did not show significant differences (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &gt; 0.05) between age groups, except in terms of milk consumption (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.05) and soft drinks intake (<jats:italic>P</jats:italic> &lt; 0.001). It was found that the consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as other high-fiber foods is very limited.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Research limitations</jats:title> <jats:p>Despite the limitation in terms of sample, the results can be used by Kosovo’s authorities as an indication for an assessment of child’s development patterns in the country.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Originality/value</jats:title> <jats:p>This assessment reports for the first time the dietary habits and frequency of food intake by preschool-aged children in Kosovo. The dietary pattern was shown to be low in wholegrain products and fruits and vegetables, and high in soft drinks and sweet and salty foods. Health and education authorities should develop national programs and dietary guidelines on recommended dietary intakes.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Journal

Nutrition & Food ScienceCrossRef

Published: Jul 10, 2017

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