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Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities

Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities BMJ 2008;337:a2507 doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2507 (Published 8 December 2008) Page 1 of 6 Clinical Review CLINICAL REVIEW Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities Henny M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk assistant professor physician for persons with intellectual disabilities , Patricia Noonan Walsh National Disability Authority professor of disability studies 1 2 Department of General Practice and Governor Kremers Centre, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands ; Pepijn andPaulusCentre,POBox40,6100AAEcht,Netherlands; CentreforDisabilityStudies(SchoolofPsychology),UniversityCollegeDublin,Dublin, Ireland Peoplewithintellectualdisabilitieshaveahigherprevalenceof the fourtheditionof the Diagnostic andStatisticalManual of healthproblemsthanthegeneralpublic,andtheirhealthneeds MentalDisorders(DSMIV-TR) or the American Psychiatric 1 w5 areoftenunrecognisedandunmet. Peoplewithintellectualand Association’sguidelines). In many countries it istypically a other disabilitiesarealsomore likelytodevelop secondary psychologist who diagnosesintellectualdisabilities. w1 healthconditions. Improving the healthof people with disabilitiesduringtheir lives isaspecificaim of the Healthy What health problems might those with People2010initiativeintheUnitedStates, theValuingPeople w2 intellectual disabilities have? initiative inthe United Kingdom, andthe Pomonaproject (www.pomonaproject.org), apublichealthinitiativefundedby Physical health problems theEuropeanUniontodevelopandtestasetofhealthindicators Intellectual disabilitiesareassociated withawiderangeof for people withdisabilities. medical conditionsthat haveeffects on the person’sphysical Arecentrandomisedcontrolledtrialonannualhealthscreening and/or mental health. Theseconditionsareeitherassociated inpeople withintellectualdisabilitiesfound animprovement (primary) or secondaryconditions(table⇓). inhealthinthe intervention group. Nevertheless, epidemiologicalresearchonthehealthofpeoplewithintellectual Primary conditions disabilitiesislimited.Wepresenthereanup-to-dateoverview The most common physical healthproblems areepilepsy, for medical generalists. 8 9 10 w6 mobilityproblems, andsensory problems. Syndrome What is intellectual disability and how relatedhealthproblems often occurinpeople http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png BMJ British Medical Journal

Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities

Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities

BMJ , Volume 337 – Dec 8, 2008

Abstract

BMJ 2008;337:a2507 doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2507 (Published 8 December 2008) Page 1 of 6 Clinical Review CLINICAL REVIEW Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities Henny M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk assistant professor physician for persons with intellectual disabilities , Patricia Noonan Walsh National Disability Authority professor of disability studies 1 2 Department of General Practice and Governor Kremers Centre, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands ; Pepijn andPaulusCentre,POBox40,6100AAEcht,Netherlands; CentreforDisabilityStudies(SchoolofPsychology),UniversityCollegeDublin,Dublin, Ireland Peoplewithintellectualdisabilitieshaveahigherprevalenceof the fourtheditionof the Diagnostic andStatisticalManual of healthproblemsthanthegeneralpublic,andtheirhealthneeds MentalDisorders(DSMIV-TR) or the American Psychiatric 1 w5 areoftenunrecognisedandunmet. Peoplewithintellectualand Association’sguidelines). In many countries it istypically a other disabilitiesarealsomore likelytodevelop secondary psychologist who diagnosesintellectualdisabilities. w1 healthconditions. Improving the healthof people with disabilitiesduringtheir lives isaspecificaim of the Healthy What health problems might those with People2010initiativeintheUnitedStates, theValuingPeople w2 intellectual disabilities have? initiative inthe United Kingdom, andthe Pomonaproject (www.pomonaproject.org), apublichealthinitiativefundedby Physical health problems theEuropeanUniontodevelopandtestasetofhealthindicators Intellectual disabilitiesareassociated withawiderangeof for people withdisabilities. medical conditionsthat haveeffects on the person’sphysical Arecentrandomisedcontrolledtrialonannualhealthscreening and/or mental health. Theseconditionsareeitherassociated inpeople withintellectualdisabilitiesfound animprovement (primary) or secondaryconditions(table⇓). inhealthinthe intervention group. Nevertheless, epidemiologicalresearchonthehealthofpeoplewithintellectual Primary conditions disabilitiesislimited.Wepresenthereanup-to-dateoverview The most common physical healthproblems areepilepsy, for medical generalists. 8 9 10 w6 mobilityproblems, andsensory problems. Syndrome What is intellectual disability and how relatedhealthproblems often occurinpeople

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Publisher
British Medical Journal
Copyright
© BMJ Publishing Group Ltd 2008
ISSN
0959-8138
eISSN
1468-5833
DOI
10.1136/bmj.a2507
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

BMJ 2008;337:a2507 doi: 10.1136/bmj.a2507 (Published 8 December 2008) Page 1 of 6 Clinical Review CLINICAL REVIEW Managing health problems in people with intellectual disabilities Henny M J van Schrojenstein Lantman-de Valk assistant professor physician for persons with intellectual disabilities , Patricia Noonan Walsh National Disability Authority professor of disability studies 1 2 Department of General Practice and Governor Kremers Centre, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands ; Pepijn andPaulusCentre,POBox40,6100AAEcht,Netherlands; CentreforDisabilityStudies(SchoolofPsychology),UniversityCollegeDublin,Dublin, Ireland Peoplewithintellectualdisabilitieshaveahigherprevalenceof the fourtheditionof the Diagnostic andStatisticalManual of healthproblemsthanthegeneralpublic,andtheirhealthneeds MentalDisorders(DSMIV-TR) or the American Psychiatric 1 w5 areoftenunrecognisedandunmet. Peoplewithintellectualand Association’sguidelines). In many countries it istypically a other disabilitiesarealsomore likelytodevelop secondary psychologist who diagnosesintellectualdisabilities. w1 healthconditions. Improving the healthof people with disabilitiesduringtheir lives isaspecificaim of the Healthy What health problems might those with People2010initiativeintheUnitedStates, theValuingPeople w2 intellectual disabilities have? initiative inthe United Kingdom, andthe Pomonaproject (www.pomonaproject.org), apublichealthinitiativefundedby Physical health problems theEuropeanUniontodevelopandtestasetofhealthindicators Intellectual disabilitiesareassociated withawiderangeof for people withdisabilities. medical conditionsthat haveeffects on the person’sphysical Arecentrandomisedcontrolledtrialonannualhealthscreening and/or mental health. Theseconditionsareeitherassociated inpeople withintellectualdisabilitiesfound animprovement (primary) or secondaryconditions(table⇓). inhealthinthe intervention group. Nevertheless, epidemiologicalresearchonthehealthofpeoplewithintellectual Primary conditions disabilitiesislimited.Wepresenthereanup-to-dateoverview The most common physical healthproblems areepilepsy, for medical generalists. 8 9 10 w6 mobilityproblems, andsensory problems. Syndrome What is intellectual disability and how relatedhealthproblems often occurinpeople

Journal

BMJBritish Medical Journal

Published: Dec 8, 2008

References