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A test for space clustering and its application to congenital limb defects in Cardiff.

A test for space clustering and its application to congenital limb defects in Cardiff. Brit. J. prev. soc. Med. (1973), 27, 188-191 A TEST FOR SPACE CLUSTERING AND ITS APPLICATION TO CONGENITAL LIMB DEFECTS IN CARDIFF SETSUKO LLOYD AND C. J. ROBERTS Department of Social and Occupational Medicine, The Welsh National School of Medicine, Cardiff Several methods are currently available for four sources-birth notification cards, congenital investigation of low intensity space-time clustering defect notification forms received from various (Knox, 1963, 1964; Ederer, Myers, and Mantel, consultants, hospital diagnostic records, and still- 1964; David and Barton, 1966; Mantel, 1967; birth and death registrations. More detailed Pike and Smith, 1968.) Its presence usually indicates descriptions of the method and the results of pre- one of two causes-either an infection or a causal liminary investigations can be found elsewhere factor which is local in both time and space and (Richards and Lowe, 1971). experienced by each individual in the cluster. There Although it would be unrealistic to consider all are, however, other situations in epidemiology where limb defects in isolation (because of their frequent the effect of either time alone or space alone is coexistence with other malformations and skeletal localized. An annual cyclic trend is an example of the deformities) there is a group of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health British Medical Journal

A test for space clustering and its application to congenital limb defects in Cardiff.

A test for space clustering and its application to congenital limb defects in Cardiff.

Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health , Volume 27 (3) – Aug 1, 1973

Abstract

Brit. J. prev. soc. Med. (1973), 27, 188-191 A TEST FOR SPACE CLUSTERING AND ITS APPLICATION TO CONGENITAL LIMB DEFECTS IN CARDIFF SETSUKO LLOYD AND C. J. ROBERTS Department of Social and Occupational Medicine, The Welsh National School of Medicine, Cardiff Several methods are currently available for four sources-birth notification cards, congenital investigation of low intensity space-time clustering defect notification forms received from various (Knox, 1963, 1964; Ederer, Myers, and Mantel, consultants, hospital diagnostic records, and still- 1964; David and Barton, 1966; Mantel, 1967; birth and death registrations. More detailed Pike and Smith, 1968.) Its presence usually indicates descriptions of the method and the results of pre- one of two causes-either an infection or a causal liminary investigations can be found elsewhere factor which is local in both time and space and (Richards and Lowe, 1971). experienced by each individual in the cluster. There Although it would be unrealistic to consider all are, however, other situations in epidemiology where limb defects in isolation (because of their frequent the effect of either time alone or space alone is coexistence with other malformations and skeletal localized. An annual cyclic trend is an example of the deformities) there is a group of

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Publisher
British Medical Journal
ISSN
0143-005X
eISSN
1470-2738
DOI
10.1136/jech.27.3.188
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Brit. J. prev. soc. Med. (1973), 27, 188-191 A TEST FOR SPACE CLUSTERING AND ITS APPLICATION TO CONGENITAL LIMB DEFECTS IN CARDIFF SETSUKO LLOYD AND C. J. ROBERTS Department of Social and Occupational Medicine, The Welsh National School of Medicine, Cardiff Several methods are currently available for four sources-birth notification cards, congenital investigation of low intensity space-time clustering defect notification forms received from various (Knox, 1963, 1964; Ederer, Myers, and Mantel, consultants, hospital diagnostic records, and still- 1964; David and Barton, 1966; Mantel, 1967; birth and death registrations. More detailed Pike and Smith, 1968.) Its presence usually indicates descriptions of the method and the results of pre- one of two causes-either an infection or a causal liminary investigations can be found elsewhere factor which is local in both time and space and (Richards and Lowe, 1971). experienced by each individual in the cluster. There Although it would be unrealistic to consider all are, however, other situations in epidemiology where limb defects in isolation (because of their frequent the effect of either time alone or space alone is coexistence with other malformations and skeletal localized. An annual cyclic trend is an example of the deformities) there is a group of

Journal

Journal of Epidemiology & Community HealthBritish Medical Journal

Published: Aug 1, 1973

References