75 all that unacceptable to the majority of the Jewish community. ZEITLIN'S statement that the canonicity of Esther was forced on the sages by public pressure lacks support from history, but pleads also against his thesis that Judith was composed to replace Esther. ENSLIN'S introduction ("Literary Concerns") predominantly deals with the contents of Judith, its Greek translation, its role in early Judaist and Christian circles and its history and use in the Church. Unfortunately this section is marred by a number of misprints (RAHLFS is constantly re- ferred to as Rahlffs; on p. 47 a reference to other pages is printed as "See pp....."). The next section "Text, Translation, Commentary, and Critical Notes" provides the reader with the Greek text of Judith reproduced from RAHLFS' edition. Variants are only listed so far as they appeared of consequence for the translation and the commentary. The translation is intentionally rather archaic and close to the Greek text. The valuable commentary chiefly deals with linguistic, historical and geographical questions. Prof. ZEITLIN has contributed three appendices. In the first one ("Judith the widow") he asserts that Judith seems to be deliberately portrayed as a widow "as a reflection of Alexandra, idealized in
Journal for the Study of Judaism – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 1973
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