Growing Tension and the Threat of War in the Southern Caspian Sea ² 575 X. Growing Tension and the Threat of War in the Southern Caspian Sea: The Unsettled Division Dispute and Regional Rivalry H OOMAN P EIMANI A BSTRACT The absence of an acceptable legal regime for the division of the Caspian Sea among its ve littoral states has created grounds for con icts, crises, and wars in the Caspian region, a situation worsened since 2001 when Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan found each other on a collision course over the ownership of certain offshore oil elds. The region has since been heading towards militarization, while the persistence of con icts over the Caspian Sea’s division has prepared the ground for military con icts. Fear of lagging behind in an arms and the manipulation of con icts by the United States and Turkey have further encouraged militarization. Against this background, certain factors, including Turkey’s efforts to deny Iran political and economic gains in the Caspian region, the growing American military presence in Eurasia, and the expanding American-Azeri military ties since 11 September 2001 will likely contribute to the creation of a suitable ground for a military con
Perspectives on Global Development and Technology – Brill
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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