Wolf Pack Territory Marking in the Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Poland)

Wolf Pack Territory Marking in the Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Poland) WOLF PACK TERRITORY MARKING IN THE BIA OWIE Ç ZA PRIMEVAL FOREST (POLAND) by K. ZUB 1,2) , J. THEUERKAUF 1,3,4) , W. J Î EDRZEJEWSKI 1) , B. J Î EDRZEJEWSKA 1) , K. SCHMIDT 1) and R. KOWALCZYK 1,5) ( 1 Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, 17-230 Bia€owie Ç za, Poland; 3 Wildlife Biology and Management Unit, Department of Ecosystem and Landscape Management, Munich University of Technical Sciences, 85354 Freising, Germany; 4 Current address: International Centre of Ecology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Be€zka 24, 38-700 Ustrzyki Dolne, Poland) (Acc. 3-IV-2003) Summary We analysed data on territory marking with urine, scats, and ground scratching by wolves ( Canis lupus ) belonging to four packs in the Bia€owie Ç za Primeval Forest, Poland. The aims were to determine: (1) seasonal variation in the marking rates, (2) signiŽ cance of various kinds of marking in territory demarcation, and (3) relationship between spatial distribution of wolves’ marking and their use of territory. Continuous radio-tracking and subsequent snow tracking of the collared wolves were the main methods. Deposition rates of scats showed little variation in time and space, whereas rates of urine marking and ground scratching showed large http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Wolf Pack Territory Marking in the Bialowieza Primeval Forest (Poland)

Behaviour, Volume 140 (5): 635 – Jan 1, 2003

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 2003 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853903322149478
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

WOLF PACK TERRITORY MARKING IN THE BIA OWIE Ç ZA PRIMEVAL FOREST (POLAND) by K. ZUB 1,2) , J. THEUERKAUF 1,3,4) , W. J Î EDRZEJEWSKI 1) , B. J Î EDRZEJEWSKA 1) , K. SCHMIDT 1) and R. KOWALCZYK 1,5) ( 1 Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, 17-230 Bia€owie Ç za, Poland; 3 Wildlife Biology and Management Unit, Department of Ecosystem and Landscape Management, Munich University of Technical Sciences, 85354 Freising, Germany; 4 Current address: International Centre of Ecology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Be€zka 24, 38-700 Ustrzyki Dolne, Poland) (Acc. 3-IV-2003) Summary We analysed data on territory marking with urine, scats, and ground scratching by wolves ( Canis lupus ) belonging to four packs in the Bia€owie Ç za Primeval Forest, Poland. The aims were to determine: (1) seasonal variation in the marking rates, (2) signiŽ cance of various kinds of marking in territory demarcation, and (3) relationship between spatial distribution of wolves’ marking and their use of territory. Continuous radio-tracking and subsequent snow tracking of the collared wolves were the main methods. Deposition rates of scats showed little variation in time and space, whereas rates of urine marking and ground scratching showed large

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 2003

Keywords: URINE MARKING; CONSTRAINS; FOREST; BIALOWIEZA; CANIS LUPUS; GROUND SCRATCHING; TERRITORY; ECONOMIC; 'HOT-SPOTS' MODEL.

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