Wolf Howling and Its Role in Territory Maintenance

Wolf Howling and Its Role in Territory Maintenance WOLF HOWLING AND ITS ROLE IN TERRITORY MAINTENANCE by FRED H. HARRINGTON 1) 3) and L. DAVID MECH 2) 3) (Division of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook, N.Y., and Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Laurel, MD, U.S.A.) (With 7 Figures) (Acc. I-IX-1978) INTRODUCTION The wolf (Canis lupus) is a wide-ranging social carnivore with a complex spatial organization (MECH, 1972; 1973). The precise manner in which this organization is maintained is unknown, but territory advertisement using olfactory and acoustic modes seems to be involved. The acoustic mode includes primarily howling. Within a wolf pack, howling may be useful to reassemble separated members (MECH, Ig66; THEBERGE & FALLS, 1967), and may communicate information on individual identity, location, and other behavioural and environmental contingencies (THEBERGE & FALLS, 1967). Between packs, however, howling may serve to advertise territory, communicating the locations of packs and thus minimizing contact between them (JOSLIN, 1967). The objective of the present study was to determine the possible role of howling in territorial maintenance by investigating the responses of wolves in northeastern Minnesota to simulated wolf howling. I) Present address: Department of Psychology, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behaviour Brill

Wolf Howling and Its Role in Territory Maintenance

Behaviour, Volume 68 (3-4): 207 – Jan 1, 1979

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Publisher
Brill
Copyright
© 1979 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0005-7959
eISSN
1568-539X
D.O.I.
10.1163/156853979X00322
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

WOLF HOWLING AND ITS ROLE IN TERRITORY MAINTENANCE by FRED H. HARRINGTON 1) 3) and L. DAVID MECH 2) 3) (Division of Biological Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook, N.Y., and Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Laurel, MD, U.S.A.) (With 7 Figures) (Acc. I-IX-1978) INTRODUCTION The wolf (Canis lupus) is a wide-ranging social carnivore with a complex spatial organization (MECH, 1972; 1973). The precise manner in which this organization is maintained is unknown, but territory advertisement using olfactory and acoustic modes seems to be involved. The acoustic mode includes primarily howling. Within a wolf pack, howling may be useful to reassemble separated members (MECH, Ig66; THEBERGE & FALLS, 1967), and may communicate information on individual identity, location, and other behavioural and environmental contingencies (THEBERGE & FALLS, 1967). Between packs, however, howling may serve to advertise territory, communicating the locations of packs and thus minimizing contact between them (JOSLIN, 1967). The objective of the present study was to determine the possible role of howling in territorial maintenance by investigating the responses of wolves in northeastern Minnesota to simulated wolf howling. I) Present address: Department of Psychology, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Journal

BehaviourBrill

Published: Jan 1, 1979

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