WITTGENSTEIN AND THE PROBLEM OF MACHINE CONSCIOUSNESS

WITTGENSTEIN AND THE PROBLEM OF MACHINE CONSCIOUSNESS WITfGENSTEIN AND THE PROBLEM OF MACHINE CONSCIOUSNESS* J.C. NYIRI University of Budapest In the course of Wittgenstein's repeated attempts at a systematic exposition of his ideas, from the Blue Book to the Philosophical Investigations, it was invariably the arguments relating to meaning as use which set the stage for the rest ofthe discussion. It was precisely the insight conveyed by these arguments which, in 1930-31, led to an over-all philosophical breakthrough in Wittgenstein's own development - to the antimentalism and anti-essentialism charaeteristie of his later views. "Thinking is the use of symbols", he puts down in his notebook on June 29, 1930 1, adding, some pages later: "Thought, insofar as one ean speak of it at all , must be something quite pedestrian."2 Now the philosopher who first introdueed the idea that meaning is reference, and faeed the ensuing difficulties bound up with terms whieh are meaningful but do not, apparently, refer to anything, was of course Plato. And it is a striking fact that Wittgenstein, whose comments on earlier figures in the history of philosophy are notoriously searee, often mentions, and indeed quotes, Plato. 3 In the 1930-31 *1 am indebted to the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Grazer Philosophische Studien Brill

WITTGENSTEIN AND THE PROBLEM OF MACHINE CONSCIOUSNESS

WITTGENSTEIN AND THE PROBLEM OF MACHINE CONSCIOUSNESS


WITfGENSTEIN AND THE PROBLEM OF MACHINE CONSCIOUSNESS* J.C. NYIRI University of Budapest In the course of Wittgenstein's repeated attempts at a systematic exposition of his ideas, from the Blue Book to the Philosophical Investigations, it was invariably the arguments relating to meaning as use which set the stage for the rest ofthe discussion. It was precisely the insight conveyed by these arguments which, in 1930-31, led to an over-all philosophical breakthrough in Wittgenstein's own development - to the antimentalism and anti-essentialism charaeteristie of his later views. "Thinking is the use of symbols", he puts down in his notebook on June 29, 1930 1, adding, some pages later: "Thought, insofar as one ean speak of it at all , must be something quite pedestrian."2 Now the philosopher who first introdueed the idea that meaning is reference, and faeed the ensuing difficulties bound up with terms whieh are meaningful but do not, apparently, refer to anything, was of course Plato. And it is a striking fact that Wittgenstein, whose comments on earlier figures in the history of philosophy are notoriously searee, often mentions, and indeed quotes, Plato. 3 In the 1930-31 *1 am indebted to the Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung under whose auspices, in 1986-87, most of the research embodied in the present paper was conducted. The argument as here outlined was first presented at the International Summer School "Philosophical Perspectives on Artificial Intelligence" at Bolzano, in July 1988. 1. "Das Denken ist das Gebrauchen von Symbolen", MS 108, p.201. Passages from Wittgenstein's Nachlaß are cited according to the numbering given in G.H. von Wright, "The Wittgenstein Papers", in von Wright, Wittgenstein, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1982. 2. "Der Gedanke, soweit man überhaupt von ihm reden kann, muß etwas ganz hausbackenes sein", ibid., p.216. 3. "Wittgenstein", writes...
Loading next page...
 
/lp/brill/wittgenstein-and-the-problem-of-machine-consciousness-WV2XCdNC1x
Publisher
BRILL
Copyright
© Copyright 1989 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands
ISSN
0165-9227
eISSN
1875-6735
D.O.I.
10.1163/18756735-90000405
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial